Technology Page 5

A Detailed Research on  Corruption in India
A Detailed Research on Corruption in India
A Detailed Research on Corruption in India What is corruption? Corruption is a form of dishonest or unethical conduct by a person entrusted with a position of authority, often to acquire personal benefit. [1] Corruption may include many activities including bribery and embezzlement, though it may also involve practices that are legal in many countries. [2] Government, or \'political\', corruption occurs when an office-holder or other governmental employee acts in an official capacity for persona
Human Resource Management
Human Resource Management
Human Resource Management Name Institution Date Introduction The companies whose human resource departments will be focused on in this case are the Coca Cola Company and Southwest Airlines. Human resource management is an essential part of an organization. The development of this is the first step, the ground on which the future of the company depends. The human resource department plays a critical role on promoting, training, hiring and recruiting individuals fitting the two company\'s strate
Communication Plan
Communication Plan
Communication Plan (Student\'s Name) (Professor\'s Name) (Course) (Date of Submission) Communication can be described as the process of transmitting ideas and information. In order to communicate effectively it is important to come up with a communication plan. A communication plan is a plan that describes what an organization plans to accomplish with the information is transmits outside or receives. A communication plan outlines the company objectives, the tools that are used to generate infor
Questions for American Greetings
Questions for American Greetings
Questions for American Greetings 1. The shares of American Greetings are currently trading at an EBITDA multiple that is at the bottom of its peer group. Do you think a 3.5 times multiple is appropriate for American Greetings? If not, what multiple of EBITDA do you think is justified? What is the implied share price that corresponds to your multiple? EBITDA , which is an acronym for Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization is one of the valuation measures that is used to i
Paraphrasing Exercise
Paraphrasing Exercise
Paraphrasing Exercise Directions: On a separate piece of paper, write a paraphrase of each of the following passages. Feel free to read each passage a couple times. Try not to look back at the original passage. 1. The Antarctic is the vast source of cold on our planet, just as the sun is the source of our heat, and it exerts tremendous control on our climate, [Jacques] Cousteau told the camera. The cold ocean water around Antarctica flows north to mix with warmer water from the tropics, and its
MPO (nan myat thuzar win) Assessment 1
MPO (nan myat thuzar win) Assessment 1
1. A goal is a future expectation or desired future state. Goals are in important role of every organization. Organizations are trying to achieve goals. Activities of organizations are formed due to goals. Therefore, goals are influences on motivation. Moreover, goals are translated in objectives and policies. Objectives can be defined as what and policies as how, when, and where. Objectives are a part of a goal and more specific than goal. They are potential to get goals. In fact, objective
Senior Paper
Senior Paper
Moises Olivas Mrs.Baltajian Senior English 1 9 March 2016 Senior Paper In todays society the misuse of technology is very important. It changes the way people live and how some people view the world today. Brave New World is a novel based on the misuse of technology, in the novel they made humans in a lab and thats how the world worked. Aldous Huxley the author of the novel wrote this book in 1931. Huxley wrote this book to show the change in society and show the manipulation that was going on
Bibliography
Bibliography
Bibliography Porter, Michael E. 2008 The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy. Harvard Business Review Vol.86 Issue 1, p78-93 Grundy, Tony.2006Rethinking and Reinventing Michael Porters Five Forces Model. Strategy Change, Vol.15 Issue 5, p213-229 Porter, Michael E. 1979 How Competitive Forces Shape Strategy. Harvard Business Review Vol.57 Issue 2, p137-145 Barney, Jay B. 1995 Looking inside for Competitive Advantage. Academy of Management Executive Vol.9 No.4 Porter, Michael E. 1
What is the strategy?
What is the strategy?
What is the strategy? According to Oxford business dictionary, strategy is a planned action designed to achieve long-term or overall aim. Ohmae (1983) say, Over the past decades, quite a few new concepts of business strategy have emerged. Good strategies, however, remain difficult to develop, largely because strategy is so much easier to classify in retrospect than to plan and create. Strategy is important for a firm because the resources and capabilities which enable the firm to achieve their
The Lightweight Reflective Jacket
The Lightweight Reflective Jacket
The Lightweight Reflective Jacket By UNIQLO Europe Ltd. 7th December 2015 3242 words Table of Content Pages i. Executive Summary. 3 ii. Introduction.. 4 iii. Organization Background. 5 iv. Environmental Analysis....... a. PESTLE Analysis. 8 b. SWOT Analysis 10 v. Marketing Objective..... 12 vi. Marketing Strategy (STP). 13 vii. Marketing Mix.
FIN370 Team Strategic Initiative Paper
FIN370 Team Strategic Initiative Paper
A strategic planning initiative for the organization identified in the Week 2 assignment - Identify an initiative discussed in the organization\'s annual report. Microsoft is a computer company whose main focus is to continuously deliver new ways for people to expand and see their own potential through technology. Microsofts main strategic planning goes into investments in research and development resources to continue expanding and updating their product. Microsofts ability to seamlessly la
Blue Ocean Strategy
Blue Ocean Strategy
Blue Ocean Strategy In 2005 the book Blue Ocean Strategy, by professors W. Chan Kim and Renee Mauborgne, was published. The book is based on the studies over one hundred strategic moves of industries over the years. The publishers argue the successes firms achieve when creating blue oceans. The strategic moves made focus on the increase of the companys value, buyers, as well as achieving new demand and knocking out competitors. Instead of constant competition the blue ocean strategy focuses
Employee Rights in the Workplace Worksheet
Employee Rights in the Workplace Worksheet
University of Phoenix Material Employee Rights in the Workplace Worksheet Complete each section below. Be sure to cite your sources when necessary (including all uses of the textbook). 1. Laws affecting employee rights Identify three laws that affect employee rights. Include a description and the impact each has on a Human Resource Manager. Law Description Impact it has on HRM Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) Establishes the amount of the federal minimum wage, which is revised on a periodic basis
COMPANY ASSIGNMENT 2015
COMPANY ASSIGNMENT 2015
The plummeting price of oil is still the biggest energy story in the world. The oil price has fallen by more than 40% since June, the price of Brent crude as in Diagram 1.This comes after nearly five years of stability. At a meeting in Vienna on November 27th the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which controls nearly 40% of the world market, failed to reach agreement on production curbs, sending the price tumbling. Also hard hit are oil-exporting countries such as Russia (wh
LAND LAW ASSIGNMENT 2015
LAND LAW ASSIGNMENT 2015
Before the raft of property legislation brought into force in 1926 all land was unregistered and title to the land had to be deduced from the deeds and documents and from inspection of the land. The Land Registration Act 1925 was introduced in order to simplify conveyancing and show a mirror of the title to a purchaser in one single document called a Title Information Document. The LRA 1925 has now been repealed and replaced by the LRA 2002. LRA 2002 is designed to further simplify the process o
To Desire Differently: Feminism and French Cinema Expanded Edition
To Desire Differently: Feminism and French Cinema Expanded Edition
To Desire Differently: Feminism and French Cinema Expanded Edition Sandy Flitterman-Lewis (New York, 1996) 1 The cinematic apparatus, as a social technology that transcends the work of individual directors, was and is fully compromised in the ideology of vision and sexual difference founded on woman as image, spectacle, objects and locus of sexuality. -Teresa DeLauretis, Alice Doesnt The American cinema is entirely dependent, as is psychoanalysis, on a system of representation in which the w
Egypt: An Ancient Treasure Appreciated
Egypt: An Ancient Treasure Appreciated
Egypt: An Ancient Treasure Appreciated Byron Williams ECON 210 Professor Leah Norris April 17, 2015 Byron Williams Prof. Leah Norris ECON 210 April 17, 2015 Egypt: An Ancient Treasure Appreciated When we think about ancient history, Egypt holds some of the most precious artifacts and structures on this entire planet. Pyramids, monuments, and ancient tombs among other things, are flooded throughout this historic area. Egypt is an extremely popular tourist area and it is home to one of the wonder
CIR (Contemporary Issue and Research)
CIR (Contemporary Issue and Research)
Programme BSc Business Management Module name CIR ( Contemporary Issue and Research) QAA Level Level 6 Schedule Term Summer term 2015 Student Reference Number (SRN) 1045555 Report/Assignment Title Research Proposal Date of Submission (Please attach the confirmation of any extension received) 18/08/2015 Declaration of Original Work: I hereby declare that I have read and understood BPPs regulations on plagiarism and that this is my original work, researched, undertaken, completed and submitted in
Service and Operational Excellence
Service and Operational Excellence
BPP Coursework Cover Sheet Please use the table below as your cover sheet for the 1st page of the submission. The sheet should be before the cover/title page of your submission. Programme BSc Business Management Module name Service and Operational Excellence QAA Level Schedule Term Summer term 2015 Student Reference Number (SRN) 1045555 Report/Assignment Title Business Operations (Mobile shop) Date of Submission (Please attach the confirmation of any extension received) 18/08/2015 Declaration of
Summary: course of sociology
Summary: course of sociology
1 Summary: course of sociology Sociology is the scientific study of social life, it describes and investigates social behavior. It seeks to discover how human society has come to be the way it is, and stress the social forces that shape peoples lives as forces that influence people and help shape their lives society shapes what we do, how we do it, and how we understand what others do. Human social life is complex and encompasses many facets of the human experience due to the complexity: the fi
Smart Cities
Smart Cities
Ministry of Urban Development Government of India June 2015 Smart Cities Mission Statement & Guidelines Government of India Ministry of Urban Development (June, 2015) Contents 1. The Challenge of Urbanization 5 2. What is a smart city 5 3. Smart City Features 7 4. Coverage and Duration 7 5. Strategy 8 6. Proposal Preparation 9 7. Smart Cities Selection Process 10 8. How Many Smart Cities in Each State/UT? 11 9. The Process of Selection of Smart Cities 11 10. Implementation by Special Purpose V
MMRDA - Smart BKC EOI-4.0 Final
MMRDA - Smart BKC EOI-4.0 Final
Page 1 of 18 Expression of Interest (EOI) Implementation of Smart BKC initiatives in Bandra Kurla Complex, Mumbai For: Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority (MMRDA) Ref Number: Date: 10th September, 2014 In-charge, Information Technology Cell Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority 2nd Floor, A wing Bandra Kurla Complex Bandra (East), Mumbai- 400-051 Tel: 022-26595919 Fax: 022-26595943 Email: [email protected] [email protected] Page 2 of 1
THE MISSING PIECE: VOICE OF SMART
THE MISSING PIECE: VOICE OF SMART
THE MISSING PIECE: VOICE OF SMART CITY CITIZENS FROM PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO PUBLIC-PRIVATE-CITIZEN PARTNERSHIPS Market Analysis Abstract The smart city concept recognizes information and communication technologies as drivers of economic competitiveness, environmental sustainability and general livability. The challenge for governments, private industry, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders is to determine collectively how to realize a smart city vision that meets their n
КСР № 3 Upper-Intermediate
КСР № 3 Upper-Intermediate
КСР № 3 Upper-Intermediate Corporate image Progress Test Part 1 Reading Task 1 Read the article below about creating a strong corporate image. Choose the correct word or phrase to fill each gap. There is an example at the beginning, (0). Creating a strong corporate image A corporate image is the public\'s perception of what your company (0) _____ B _____. It is essentially the ‘personality\' of your organization and it is what differentiat es you from the competition and establishes you
PESTEL ANALYSIS
PESTEL ANALYSIS
PESTEL ANALYSIS Name: Adil Al Riyami . Prepared to:------- Role number: ---- PESTLE analysis is referring to a technique that is generally maintained by companies to identify t he differences of features that identify the style and shape of the surroundings to determine the company\'s functionality. PESTLE is containing different part lie the political-legal, economic, socio-cultural, environmental and technological factors, this technique is playing a major part in the presentation of the comp
The skills we learn in school to became a sales pe
The skills we learn in school to became a sales pe
The skills we learn in school to became a sales person ? A sales person is who sells goods and services to other entities. The amount of sales usually measures the successfulness of a salesperson he can make during a given period and how good that person is in persuading to make a purchase. If a salesperson is employed by a company, in some cases compensation can be decreased or increased based on the amount of goods or services sold. Understand what the buyer wants Sell in a buyer-responsive m
Is E-Reading to Your Toddler Story Time, or Simply
Is E-Reading to Your Toddler Story Time, or Simply
Is E-Reading to Your Toddler Story Time, or Simply Screen Time? By DOUGLAS QUENQUAOCT. 11, 2014 Clifford the Big Red Dog looks fabulous on an iPad . He sounds good, too — tap the screen and hear him pant as a blue truck roars into the frame. Go, truck, go! cheers the narrator. But does this count as story time? Or is it just screen time for babies? It is a question that parents, pediatricians and researchers are struggling to answer as children's books, just like all the other ones, migrat
Kids And Screen Time: What Does The Research Say?
Kids And Screen Time: What Does The Research Say?
Kids And Screen Time: What Does The Research Say? ( from NPR ) August 28, 2014 2:59 PM ET Kids are spending more time than ever in front of screens, and it may be inhibiting their ability to recognize emotions, according tonew research out of the University of California, Los Angeles. The study, published in the journal Computers in Human Behavior, found that sixth-graders who went five days without exposure to technology were significantly better at reading human emotions than kids who h
Information technology is a big part of the busine
Information technology is a big part of the busine
Information technology is a big part of the business and living world. Business world is using it to improve the utilization of resource and make reasonable decisions. IT is also widely adapted to human activities more convenient. However, this is not surprising that IT problem cause upset for everyone. From my own experience, many websites mandatory require you change your passwords once a year like Google and RamWeb. If you didn't do it, website system will remind you over and over again afte
Blog 7
Blog 7
Blog 7 The company I chose, Apple Inc. is very famous company we know. Recently, some credit card owners report that some people was using the stolen credit card to buy items on apple pay lead to credit card owners lost money. Because apple pay doesn't need to provide actual credit card and signature. Apple Inc. can't distinguish whether the credit card data are fraudulent. It causes consumers lose faith in Apple Inc. and credit card suppliers. Thus, apple should increase security and protectio
THE CHALLENGE OF THE EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR ENERGY
THE CHALLENGE OF THE EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR ENERGY
THE CHALLENGE OF THE EFFICIENCY OF SOLAR ENERGY The sun is a major source of energy producing radiant energy and producing over 12.2 GWh of energy per 200 million square miles daily. Man has continued to harness the sun's energy for various purposes such as conversion into other forms of energy or heating. Solar energy is a renewable form of energy and so it is one of the best sources of energy around. Given all these facts, the question arises: How efficient is solar energy technology? Harne
JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA
JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA
JOSEPH EJERCITO ESTRADA Primary life Jose Ejercito y Marcelo was born at 8:25 PM on April 19, 1937 at Manuguit Maternity Hospital (now known as Amisola Maternity Hospital) in Tondo, an urban district of Manila. He was 8th of 10 children. Estrada's father, Emilio Ejercito, was a government engineer. His mother was named Maria Marcelo. Joseph's parents were wealthy landowners. Education Estrada received his primary education at Ateneo de Manila University. After graduating, he enrolled in enginee
QUANTUM MATTER TELEPORTER
QUANTUM MATTER TELEPORTER
QUANTUM MATTER TELEPORTER Today's society utilizes the car as the universal mode of transportation. The vehicle has developed radically in the past century and is now a household item. The modern family uses the car for all its basic needs, from long distance transportation to a drive to the local park. Other various fossil fuel powered vehicles are also utilized for transportation of goods and carry out various services. The car however raises the problem of over-congestion and instead of spee
The pharmaceutical company Mylan is facing more po
The pharmaceutical company Mylan is facing more po
The pharmaceutical company Mylan is facing more political pressure to confront the price hike of EpiPen after 20 US senators, including  Elizabeth Warren  and Bernie Sanders, sent an open letter on Tuesday to the company criticising its exorbitantly expensive price hikes. Reports emerged last week that the company had implemented a series of  gradual price increases  inflating the price of the drug from $56.64 to $317.82, a 461% increase in cost since Mylan acquired the rights to EpiPen i
Makayla Fails
Makayla Fails
Makayla Fails Dr. Carr Intro to African American Studies February 2, 2017 How Do We Undertake the Study of African Experiences? Abstract: So what does this big question mean? How do we undertake the study of African Experiences? What we basically have here is a simple question asking, Where do we start when learning about African experiences? Where we start is one of the most important factors of this subject. Dr. John Henrik Clarke once said, If you start your history with slavery, everyt
How businesses are affected by competition
How businesses are affected by competition
How businesses are affected by competition Some markets are highly competitive, while others are a lot less so. A good example of a competitive market in which there are many buyers and sellers is that of Internet booksellers. Because there are so many firms selling identical products then the price of these books will be highly similar. This competition helps to drive down the profit that such firms can make. Competition occurs when two or more organisations act independently to supply their p
LBSS Honors Chemistry
LBSS Honors Chemistry
LBSS Honors Chemistry Independent Science Research Project ExploraVision All LBSS Honors Chemistry students are required to complete an independent science research project that will be evaluated by an outside expert in addition to teacher evaluation. Students are to work in groups of three. Competition Deadline: January 15, 2015. What will the finished ExploraVision project look like? Abstract (1 page) Description (11 pages) Bibliography (1 page) Sample Web Pages (5 pages) Abstract Summarize y
English 104
English 104
English 104 August 29, 2016 The Essay The essay is a valuable, even powerful technology that has particular affordances in helping us promote communicative ability, dialogue and critical thinking. This quote from Dr. Adam Banks encapsulat es the essence of an essay in the context of academic writing. Essays are highly potent writing tools as the y allow ideas and thoughts to be widely disseminated with ease ; logically presenting facts and postulating ideologies that serve to educate and info
314325top00
314325top00
314325top00 Assignment Cover Sheet Qualification Module Number and Title HND in Business Management BHND 5203 - Strategic Management Student Name No. Assessor Shaznan Fairoze Sally (CL/HNDBM/66/47) Ms. Inoka Gunarathne Hand out date Submission Date Assessment type Assignment Presentation Duration/Length of Assessment Type Individual CW (3000 words) Presentation (15 minutes) Weighting of Assessment 50% 50% Learner declaration I, Shaznan Fairoze Sally (CL/HNDBM/66/47)certify that the work submitt
Introduction
Introduction
Introduction The company I have chosen for this topic is the Coca-Cola Company. The Coca-Cola Company is the world's largest beverage company, refreshing consumers with more than 500 sparkling and still brands and nearly 3,900 beverage choices. Led by Coca-Cola, one of the world's most valuable and recognizable brands, the company's portfolio features 21 billion-dollar brands, 19 of which are available in reduced-, low- or no-calorie options. These brands include Diet Coke, Coca-Cola Zero, Fant
Assignment Cover Sheet
Assignment Cover Sheet
Assignment Cover Sheet Qualification Module Number and T itle HND in Business Management BHND5202: Operations Management Student N ame No. Assessor Mr. Janaka Upendra Hand out date Submission Date 03rd March 2017 Assessment type Coursework Duration/Length of Assessment Type Individual 3000 words Weighting of Assessment 50% Learner declaration I, ………………………………………….certify that the work submitted for this assignment is my own and research sources are fully acknowled
CLASS PROJECT
CLASS PROJECT
CLASS PROJECT MGT 6110 MANAGING CORPORATE RESOURCE RESEARCH MANAGEMENT CENTRE INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY MALAYSIA Amir Qayyum bin Che Norddin (G1337179) Sari Yulis Terfiadi (G1338507) Yusuf Wibisono (G1331963) Nasrul Izad Mohd Isa (G1337159) Basree Karing (G1339553) Master of Business Administration, Graduate School of Management International Islamic University Malaysia Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur Selangor Prepared for Asst. Prof. Dr. Dolhadi Zainuddin TABLE OF CONTENT NO CONTENT PA
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION QUANTITATIVE DECISION MAKING (ECON 6130) GROUP PROJECT: RESEARCH COMPETENCY OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS ACROSS 3 DIFFERENT FACULTIES INSTRUCTOR: PROF. DR. RAFIKUL ISLAM GROUP MEMBERS: AMIR QAYYUM BIN CHE NORDDIN G1337179 BASREE KARING G1339553 NASRUL IZAD MOHD ISA G1337159 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………...... 3 Problem Statement ……………………………………
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ADVANCED CORPORATE STRATEGY ( MGT 6266 ) INDIVIDUAL COMPANY CASE STUDY Dutch Lady Milk Industries Berhad Report prepared by: Abdulla Abdulqader Al-Attas (G1430873) Contents TOC \o 1-3 \h \z \u Introduction PAGEREF _Toc467903143 \h 3 Mission, Visions, Value, and Objectives PAGEREF _Toc467903144 \h 4 Business model and other relevant information PAGEREF _Toc467903145 \h 5 External Analysis PAGEREF _Toc467903146 \h 5 The PESTEL Analysis PAGEREF _Toc467903147 \h
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE AND DEVELOPMENT ( MGT 6255 ) CASE STUDY ON MISSED OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE FOLLOWING ORGANIZATIONS: MICROSOFT, DELL, INTEL, AT T, AND VIRGIN AMERICA AIRLINE Report prepared by: Abdulla Abdulqader Al- Attas (G1430873) Contents TOC \o 1-3 \h \z \u HYPERLINK \l _Toc446759270 1.Microsoft Corporation PAGEREF _Toc446759270 \h 3 1.1.What opportunities Microsoft missed or what did Microsoft do wrong? PAGEREF _Toc446759271 \h 3 1.2.What Microsoft
Teens Nowadays
Teens Nowadays
Teens Nowadays As the society changes, the pastime choices of children tend to become different.. The traditional things like going outside, are no longer an interest to technology-oriented teens.. Modern teens are fascinated with the social media and computers. While there is nothing wrong with a social life, the pastime of modern teens makes them socially isolated, indolent, and to devoted to technology. Many teens are focused on what happens on social media while 20 years ago people were mor
Nothing to fear
Nothing to fear
Nothing to fear Technology is considered as a way of ‘keeping up' with the present world. Technology has been considered as a preserve of the young generations - which is creating a huge obstacle in encouraging and teaching older people to become literate in the technological field. People who are over a certain age feel reluctant to learn how to use these latest technologies due to fear or perhaps even because of a lack of interest. But by laying out some advices to our fellow folks out ther
Saahil Patel
Saahil Patel
Saahil Patel Global Hip Hop January 24, 2016 Gilroy talks about the black culture in a very emotional way in The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Gilroy opens by talking about how authenticity has always been a challenge in the black community and how they will always will. He also touches on ideas from other famous philosophers such as W.E.B. Du Bois and Zora Neale Hurston over ‘authenticity' and it s advanced perceptions li ke truthfulness and attraction. By using the met
Lecture #1
Lecture #1
Lecture #1 Introduction: What is the Third World? Nations Unaligned with Either NATO or the Warsaw Pact —Won't work; could include Yugoslavia and even the People's Republic of China The Decolonizing World —Won't work; must include Egypt, Thailand, and other nations that were never colonies The Developing World —Won't work; misleading in terms of power dynamics and ethnocentric The Global South —Won't work; could include Australia and New Zealand—and Antarctica! The Dominoes —Domi
TRUMAN'S PRESIDENCY/KOREA/POST WWII/EARLY COLD WAR
TRUMAN'S PRESIDENCY/KOREA/POST WWII/EARLY COLD WAR
TRUMAN'S PRESIDENCY/KOREA/POST WWII/EARLY COLD WAR NATO/Warsaw Pact- North Atlantic Trade Organization that was a military alliance founded after WWII to strengthen alliances between North American and European countries, especially the U.S and Europe. I t was a great counter balance to the Soviet Warsaw Pact. This Warsaw Pact was a military alliance established between the Soviet Union , Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, Hungary, and Bulgaria in order to answer the creation of NAT