Mixture

Government In India, Today
Government In India, Today
Government in India, Today India's present constitution went into effect on Jan. 26, 1950. At that time, the nation changed its status from a dominion to a federal republic, though it remained within the Commonwealth. A president, chosen by an Electoral College replaced the governor-general, appointed by the British Crown. The president is the official chief of state, but the office is largely ceremonial. In parliamentary government, the people in a country elect members of at least one house of
Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder Psyc 103 Fall 95 The phenomenon of bipolar affective disorder has been a mystery since the 16th century. History has shown that this affliction can appear in almost anyone. Even the great painter Vincent Van Gogh is believed to have had bipolar disorder. It is clear that in our society many people live with bipolar disorder; however, despite the abundance of people suffering from the it, we are still waiting for definite explanations for the causes and cure. The one fact of whic
Cloning
Cloning
Cloning The rapid development of the technology for cloning has led to moral debates around the world on whether or not to ban creating human clones. With the advancement of clone technology two states, California and Michigan have already banned the cloning of humans. Everybody who thought it would proceed slowly and could be stopped was wrong, said Lee Silver, a professor from the University of Princeton (McFarling 1) . . . Without proper research on behalf of the politicians of California a
100 Years Of History
100 Years Of History
100 Years of History CURRENT EVENTS: 1945-1996 1945 On April 12 Harry S. Truman became President of the United States of America., In Washington, D.C. On August 6 at 9:15 a.m. US fighter planes dropped an Atomic Bomb on Hiroshima Japan. In Berlin, Germany on April 30, Adolf Hitler was found dead, Hitler committed suicide. 1946 On October 16 in Nurenburg, 9 Nazi war criminals were hanged for the crimes during WW II. On April 25 Big Four Ministers met in Paris to finalize a treaty with Germany, to
Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Weapons
Nuclear Weapons A major problem concerning the world today is the disposal of nuclear weapons. With the Cold War, we have seen a massive build up of nuclear weapons, and no, that we are no longer in a state of global warfare, what is to be done with them? As a result of the build-up in nuclear weapons during the cold war the world is now facing major environmental problems trying to deactivate them, and in addition major debate are occurring on the policies of disarmament and deterrence as solut
MUST WOMEN BE SILENT DURING WORSHIP:  A STUDY OF 1 CORINTHIANS 14:34
MUST WOMEN BE SILENT DURING WORSHIP: A STUDY OF 1 CORINTHIANS 14:34
MUST WOMEN BE SILENT DURING WORSHIP: A STUDY OF 1 CORINTHIANS 14:34 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1st Corinthians 14:34, 35 reads; 34 ?Let your women keep silent in the churches, for they are not permitted to speak; but they are to be submissive, as the law also says. 35 And if they want to learn something, let them ask their own husbands at home; for it is shameful for women to speak in church.? There is little doubt that the role of women in the church is one of the major issues of the 21st century.
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud My girlfriend called me from Dallas the other day. You have got to hear about the dream I had last night, she said. Since this was not a normal reason to call me, I was more than a bit interested to listen to her. The dream went like this, she explained. I came to visit you at college. You showed me around, introduced me to your friends, and showed me a great time. Basically, we never left each others side. I felt so happy. Unfortunately, when I woke up, I realized that it was
The significance of the ?discovery? of the Holy Lance at the foot of S
The significance of the ?discovery? of the Holy Lance at the foot of S
The significance of the ?discovery? of the Holy Lance at the foot of St. Peter?s Basilica, Antioch 14th June 1098 Synopsis of Thomas Asbridge, The First Crusade, A New History (London: Free Trade Press, 2004) Asbridge offers a critical reinterpretation of the origins of the First Crusade, challenging the concept of crusader greed and instead suggesting an ideological incentive. The monograph follows the journey of the Crusaders from Pope Urban II?s ?momentous? sermon at Clermont, November 1095 t
Compare And Contrast: A Turn With The Sun And A Separate Peace
Compare And Contrast: A Turn With The Sun And A Separate Peace
Compare and Contrast: A Turn with the Sun and A Separate Peace Although many similarities exist between A Turn with the Sun and A Separate Peace, both written by John Knowles, the works are more dissimilar than alike. A Separate Peace is a novel about the struggle of a senior class in the face of World War II, and it focuses on two best friends, Gene Forrester and Phineas. A Turn with the Sun is about a young man who struggles to fit in as a freshman in the closed microcosm of a senior dominated
Madness In Shakespeares Hamlet
Madness In Shakespeares Hamlet
Madness in Shakespeare's Hamlet Madness may be ?mental incapacity caused by an unmentionable injury.? Such wounds often are not easily perceived but may be revealed in time of stress. Hamlet?s question, ?have you a daughter??(Act II. Sc2 182) Polonius about the Prince?s emotional state. What is hidden will surely be told to Cloudius by his adviser. Laertes? search for revenge is sharper proof that madness in degrees of publicity causes harm to the observers. Claudius promise ?no wind of blame?(A
Hate And Hysteria
Hate And Hysteria
Hate and hysteria Hate and hysteria Author Murray Levin (1977) wrote, AMcCarthyism, in a capitalist society, produces extremism, intolerance, instability, and large scale repression (p.216). He also says that AThe promoters of mass politics raise the question of justice and attempt to play upon generalized resentments steaming from deeper layers of personality. The politics of mass society does not focus on group [email protected] The purpose of these politics is the defense of the ultimate truth. This
Hallmark
Hallmark
Hallmark I love this business, exults Robert Kaynes Jr., vice president of sales (and grandson of the founder) at Bron Shoe, the Columbus, Ohio-based company responsible for putting millions of pairs of bronzed baby shoes on bookshelves in the homes of loving parents across America for the past 75 years. It may sound schmaltzy Kaynes concedes, but it's a schmaltzy business. We're selling sentiment. Still, how do you market a memory? For companies like Hallmark, FTD, Bron Shoe, and others i
Literature
Literature
Literature In life as in literature people have certain struggles. In the novels and short stories we read this year there are several example of inner struggles, within the characters. The basic type of struggles known to people is Man Vs Man, Man Vs Nature and Man Vs Himself, otherwise known as inner struggle. It is when you have within yourself problems, concerns or questions that you must decide. They often decide to keep it's feeling and emotion to themselves. Like the famous Ghandi once sa
Slavery
Slavery
Slavery Slavery in America stems well back to when the new world was first discovered and was led by the country to start the African Slave Trade- Portugal. The African Slave Trade was first exploited for plantations in that is now called the Caribbean, and eventually reached the southern coasts of America (Slavery Two; Milton Meltzer). The African natives were of all ages and sexes. Women usually worked in the homes, cooking and cleaning, whereas men were sent out into the plantations to farm.
RECYCLING
RECYCLING
RECYCLING TABLE OF CONTENTS Abstract 3 Types of Construction and Demolition Wastes 4 Type I- Roadway and Site Conversion C&D Waste 4 Type II- Construction and Interior Demolition Waste 5 C&D Waste Processing Strategies 5 Type I C&D Waste Processing Strategy 6 Type II C&D Waste Processing Strategy 7 Conclusion 9 References 10 ABSTRACT Environmental concerns about the huge landfill space that is being taken by construction and demolition debris has brought up a new technique in salvaging construct
The Battle At Midway
The Battle At Midway
The Battle at Midway Nothing distinguished the dawn of June 2, 1942, from countless other dawns that had fallen over tiny Midway atoll in the North Pacific. Nothing, that is, except the tension, the electric tension of men waiting for an enemy to make his move. On Midway's two main islands, Sand and Eastern, 3,632 United States Navy and Marine Corps personnel, along with a few Army Air Force aircrews, stood at battle stations in and near their fighters, bombers, and seaplanes, waiting for the Ja
California, Gurse Books, 1983
California, Gurse Books, 1983
California, Gurse Books, 1983 The book I read was about the hard difficult task of overcoming this terrible eating disorder known as Bulimia. It is a secret addiction that dominates thoughts, severely undercuts self esteem, and threatens lives. Bulimia is a food obsession characterized by repeated overeating binges followed by purges of forced vomiting, prolonged fasting, and/or abusive laxatives, enemas and diuretics. A typical binge/purge cycle, who and why people become involved with bulimia,
Child Rearing
Child Rearing
Child Rearing In the essay, Bringing Up Children, the author, Ruth Benedict, explores two methodologies of child rearing -- American and Japanese. In examination of each culture?s techniques, we find that they are in complete contrast of one another like their places on earth. Each system exemplifying one side of the extremes. We are left to ponder which of the two ideals are superior. Which arrangement of life will benefit the individual as well as society to a greater extent? The answer, howev
Russians And Bosnians
Russians And Bosnians
Russians and Bosnians Historically and politically, the Bosnians and the Russians are a perfect match.This history started in the middle of the first thousand years A.D. when the tribes called the Southern Slavs migrated into the southeast area of Europe known as the Balkans. The Slav people as they are known, were separated from the Northern Slavs, that is, related Slavs in Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Russia, by the non-slavic tribes that settled the lands of Austria and Hungary. The Bosnians o
On Narcissism: Psychological Theories And Therapeutic Interventions In
On Narcissism: Psychological Theories And Therapeutic Interventions In
On Narcissism: Psychological Theories and Therapeutic Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorders Introduction Understanding the Narcissistic Phenomenon The so called ?narcissistic personality disorder? is a complex and often misunderstood disorder. The cardinal feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self importance, but paradoxically underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self esteem. The grandiosity of the narcissist, howeve
The Ice Age
The Ice Age
The Ice Age Twenty thousand years ago during the time of the last ice age period, many colossal mammals roamed North America. They survived during the times when much of the earth was covered by immense large bodies of ice that buried forests, fields, and mountains, but rapidly became extinct after the ice began to retreat and melt. Since then the human race has introduced many different theories to explain the extinction of these large mammals. One theory stands above all and explains the truth
Challenger
Challenger
Challenger It was a cold, crisp, and damp morning on the Florida Space Coast as the space shuttle Challenger raced through the sky at speeds approaching mach 2 at an altitude of 104,000 feet when something went perilously wrong. All of America watched, including the family members of the seven doomed crew members, as Challenger exploded into an expansive ball of fire, smoke and steam. An Oh. . . no! came as the crew?s final utterance from the shuttle as the orbiter broke-up. As the reality of
The Sin Of Nadab & Abihu
The Sin Of Nadab & Abihu
The Sin of Nadab & Abihu Verse: (Lev. 10:1) And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron took either of them his censer, and put fire therin, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the Lord, which he commanded them not. (King James) The Sin of Nadab & Abihu: An Exegesis There is no clear consensus as to what sin Nadab and Abihu committed as detailed in verse 10:1 of the book Leviticus, in the Hebrew bible. Some commentators like to take into consideration material previously mentione
Lasers
Lasers
Lasers The light from lasers differs from ordinary light in several important aspects. Ordinary light from a light bulb travels randomly in all directions (unless the bulb is equipped with an integral reflector that directs the light). The light is thus incoherent. Even when incoherent light is directed with a reflector, it still spreads rapidly. The light from a laser is temporary and spatially coherent. This means that all of the wave-fronts of light are lined up in time and space (see Diagram
The Souls Of Black Folk
The Souls Of Black Folk
The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois Du Bois was one of those people who studied and learned a lot of things about the world, a lot of things that he found to be extremely unjust. This became his source of energy for becoming an intellectual guide for America, warning it of the 20th century color problem and suggesting sound and rational courses of action for the country to take. His contention was expressed lyrically and with passion in The Souls of Black Folk that he wrote in 1903. His
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action
Affirmative Action Thesis: Although many people believe that affirmative Action is a form of racism, it is actually used to help minorities find employment in an otherwise racist world. ?In the United States, equality is a recurring theme. It has flared into a fervent moral issue at crucial stages of American history: The revolutionary and Jacksonian Period, and the New Deal. In each era, the legitimacy of American society is challenged by some set of people unhappy with the degree of equality?
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE
INTERNAL-COMBUSTION ENGINE INTRODUCTION Internal Combustion Engine, a heat engine in which the fuel is burned ( that is, united with oxygen ) within the confining space of the engine itself. This burning process releases large amounts of energy, which are transformed into work through the mechanism of the engine. This type of engine different from the steam engine, which process with an external combustion engine that fuel burned apart from the engine. The principal types of internal combustion
The Internet, Pornography, And Children
The Internet, Pornography, And Children
The Internet, Pornography, and Children Why should anyone be concerned about pornography on the Internet? After all, this is a free country and everyone should have access to anything they want, right? This position would be true if only adults used the Internet; it can not be true when children also use the Internet. Most people would agree that children should not have access to Internet sites that are considered pornographic. Does that mean that children should not be allowed Internet access
Plutonium Bomb
Plutonium Bomb
Plutonium Bomb /\ / \ | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | : ||: : | | :______||:_____________________________: | |/_______||/______________________________\| \ ~\ | : |:| / \ |\ | : |:| / \ | \ | :__________|:| / \ |:_\ | :__________\:| / \ |___\ |______________| / \ | \ |~ \ / \|_______\|_________________\_/ |_____________________________| / \ / \ / \ / _______________ \ / ___/ \___ \ /____ __/ \__ ____\ [3]__
MATHEMATICS  Standard Level
MATHEMATICS Standard Level
MATHEMATICS Standard Level M13/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ1/XX/M 16 pages MARKSCHEME May 2013 MATHEMATICS Standard Level Paper 2– 2 – M13/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ1/XX/M This markscheme is confidential and for the exclusive use of examiners in this examination session. It is the property of the International Baccalaureate and must not be reproduced or distributed to any other person without the authorization of the IB Assessment Centre.– 3 – M13/5/MATME/SP2/ENG/TZ1/XX/M Instructions to Examiners Abbreviations M
Digestion and Absorption
Digestion and Absorption
Introduction The key issue in the digestion and absorption of fats is one of solubility. Lipids are hydrophobic, and thus are poorly soluble in the aqueous environment of the digestive tract. The digestive enzyme, lipase, is water soluble and can only work at the surface of fat globules. Digestion is greatly aided by emulsification, the breaking up of fat globules into much smaller emulsion droplets. Bile salts and phospholipids are amphipathic molecules that are present in the bile. Motility in
Enzymes
Enzymes
Experiment 12. The action of lipase There are three or four liquids to be added to each test-tube, in various combinations, so look at the table at the foot of this page to get an idea of the final contents of each tube. (a) Label three test-tubes 1-3. (b) Using a graduated pipette or syringe, place 5 cm3 milk in each tube. (c) Rinse the pipette or syringe and use it to place 7 cm3 dilute (M/I0) sodium carbonate solution in each tube. This solution is to make the mixture alkaline. (d) Rinse the
DEVELOPMENT OF BIODEGRADABLE FILM FROM PLEUROTUS SAJOR-CAJU WASTE
DEVELOPMENT OF BIODEGRADABLE FILM FROM PLEUROTUS SAJOR-CAJU WASTE
Full Paper DEVELOPMENT OF BIODEGRADABLE FILM FROM PLEUROTUS SAJOR-CAJU WASTE Hazwani Binti Husain, Ahmad Yazid Bin Rahman, Norshazila Binti Senawi, Yamunasri A/P Kuthiah, Syaliyana Binti Khairudin, Thivya A/P Nadarajah Jabatan Agroteknologi dan Bio-industri, Politeknik Nilai, 71760 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan Article history Received 2 July2014 Received in revised form 5 November 2014 Accepted 25 November 2014 *Corresponding author Graphical abstract Abstract The accumulation of waste results in gro
Investigating effect of temperature on the activity of lipase
Investigating effect of temperature on the activity of lipase
Investigating effect of temperature on the activity of lipase This practical gives you a chance to: • investigate how lipase activity changes with temperature • consider how indicators can help us to follow chemical reactions. Procedure SAFETY: Keep the phenolphthalein solution away from naked flames. Wear eye protection and quickly rinse any splashes of enzyme solution or sodium carbonate from the skin. Make sure you know what to do if a thermometer is broken. Investigation a Label a test tube
EMULSIFICATION AND DIGESTION OF LIPIDS BY BILE AND LIPASE
EMULSIFICATION AND DIGESTION OF LIPIDS BY BILE AND LIPASE
NAME : CLASS : DBT 4A DATE SUBMITTED : 14 AUG 2015 EXPERIMENT 3: EMULSIFICATION AND DIGESTION OF LIPIDS BY BILE AND LIPASE (VIRTUAL) INTRODUCTION Lipase is a type of enzyme known as a hydrolase and is responsible for catalysing the hydrolysis of triglycerides (the substrate) into fatty acids and glycerol. It is referred to as a hydrolase because the reaction that it catalyses is a hydrolysis reaction in which large molecules are broken down into smaller ones with the addition of water. Lipase is
ENZYMOLOGY LAB 1
ENZYMOLOGY LAB 1
RESULTS A - The mass of the cents Cents Weighed Mass Mass by Difference Difference #1 1.73g 1.73g 0g #2 1.72g 1.72g 0g #3 1.72g 1.72g 0g #4 1.73g 1.73g 0g #5 1.73g 1.73g 0g Total mass 8.63g Total mass - #5 6.90g Remaining mass - #4 5.17g Remaining mass - #3 3.45g Remaining mass - #2 1.73g Remaining mass - #1 0g Mass by difference = Total mass - ( Total mass - #5 ) = 1.73g Difference = Weighed mass - mass by difference = 1.73g - 1.73g = 0g Mean = 1.73 + 1.72 + 1.72 + 1.73 + 1.73 5 = 8.63 / 5 = 1.
Which salt should be used to make an effective but economical cold pac
Which salt should be used to make an effective but economical cold pac
Mrs. Raihan Honors Chemistry 25 March 2015 Which salt should be used to make an effective but economical cold pack? In accordance to the question above, a claim was developed after a series of experiments and observations, Ammonium Chloride, NH4Cl, is the most effectual but also economical ingredient to make a cold pack because it met the requirements of being an inexpensive salt and lowering the mixture’s temperature by 2°c. The claim was proved correctly based off of the quantitative and qual
Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
Juan Josι Mendoza MUL 2380 M W - 7:05p – 8:20p 12/02/2015 Pink Floyd The early Sixties. Everything is up in the air, not least love, drugs and sex. A group of talented teenagers from academic backgrounds in Cambridge - Roger 'Syd' Barrett, Roger Waters and David Gilmour are all keen guitarists and among many who move to London, keen to discover more of this new world and express themselves in it. Mainly in further education studying the arts, architecture, and music. They mix with like-minded in
Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
MUL 2380 M W - 7:05p – 8:20p 12/02/2015 Pink Floyd The early Sixties. Everything is up in the air, not least love, drugs and sex. A group of talented teenagers from academic backgrounds in Cambridge - Roger 'Syd' Barrett, Roger Waters and David Gilmour are all keen guitarists and among many who move to London, keen to discover more of this new world and express themselves in it. Mainly in further education studying the arts, architecture, and music. They mix with like-minded incomers in the big
IB Biology syllabus – definitions
IB Biology syllabus – definitions
IB Biology syllabus – definitions * Definition given in IB Biology syllabus TOPIC WORD DEFINITION Topic 1: Cells Organelle A discrete structure within a cell, with a specific function.* Tissue A group of cells similar to each other, along with their associated intercellular substances, which perform the same function within a multicellular organism. Organ A group of tissues which work together as a single unit to perform a particular function within a multicellular organism. Organ system A group
The Effect of Different Substances on  the Freezing Point of Water
The Effect of Different Substances on the Freezing Point of Water
The Effect of Different Substances on the Freezing Point of Water Period 4 January 19, 2012  The Effect of Different Substances on the Freezing Point of Water Introduction Water is essential for all life on Earth and covers 70% of the Earth surface. Water is a chemical substance composed of two hydrogen atoms bonded to one oxygen atom. Its chemical formula is H2O. Pure water is transparent, colorless and odorless. Water is mostly seen as liquid. However water can be found in all three states o
Developing Good Business Sense
Developing Good Business Sense
Developing Good Business Sense BUS/210 April 13, 2014 Developing Good Business Sense 1. Choose three companies and observe how employees do their tasks. These can be three different fast-food restaurants or three entirely different types of companies, such as a fast-food restaurant, a department store, or the emergency room of a hospital. I chose McDonald’s, Burger King and Wendy’s to relate how employees do their tasks. All three have employees taking orders, taking the money, making the order
Traditional and Modern Societies
Traditional and Modern Societies
Traditional and Modern Societies Simranjit Kaur 214493498 Introduction to Social Science AP/Social Science 1000 9.0 B Andrew Paul Tutorial 11 Traditional and Modern Societies Throughout history, society has been changing. Society has become more advanced in all aspects. Traditional and modern are two different terms used to classify ways of governing society. Even today, traditional societies exist where culture and religion are very important. Yet, societies that have been traditional across t
Frankenstein Quotes and Notes
Frankenstein Quotes and Notes
Frankenstein Quotes and Notes Chapter 1 v Chapter 2 Chapter 3 “M.Krempe was a little squat man with a gruff voice and a repulsive countenance; the teacher, thearefore did not prepossess me in favour of his persuits.” (44) v He is ignorant when it comes to some of the more controversial and dangerous aspects of science “So much has been done, exclaimed the soul of Frankenstein – more, far more, will I achieve; treading in the steps already marked, I will pioneer a new way, explore unknown powers,
Life after Death - notes
Life after Death - notes
Life after Death - notes Pascal\'s Wager is the idea that, if you don\'t know whether there is an afterlife. Dualists • There are two aspects to human beings, a physical body and a non-physical soul • They tend to believe in life after death Monists/materialists The monist view states that we are physical bodies only. Once we die, that\'s it. Emotions are simply psycho-chemical reactions and nothing more. The Problem Whether the mind and body are one of the same nature (monistic view) or whether
Classifying Solutions
Classifying Solutions
Classifying Solutions Types of Solutions Gas Solid/Gas Liquid/Gas Gas Solid Solid/Solid Liquid/Solid Gas Liquid Solid/Liquid Liquid/Liquid Gas Solution-a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (the solvent) Solvent- A substance that can dissolve another substance, or in which another substance is dissolved into Solute-The minor component in a solution, dissolved in the solvent Aqueous-contains water Alloy-a solid solution or t
Rules for Sig. Digs
Rules for Sig. Digs
Rules for Sig. Digs All digits from 1-9 are sig. Zeroes btwn the digs. 1-9 are sig. Leading 0’s ` sig. If there is NO decimal pt, trailing 0’s are sig. If there is a decimal pt, trailing 0’s are sig. When + and – round to lowest sig. dig. Period A row in the periodic table Group A column in the periodic table Valence Electrons Electrons in the outermost shell of an atom Nomenclature Ionic Compounds Write symbols for each element Write charge for element above its symbol Cross the numbers from th
PESTEL ANALYSIS
PESTEL ANALYSIS
PESTEL ANALYSIS Name: Adil Al Riyami . Prepared to:------- Role number: ---- PESTLE analysis is referring to a technique that is generally maintained by companies to identify t he differences of features that identify the style and shape of the surroundings to determine the company\'s functionality. PESTLE is containing different part lie the political-legal, economic, socio-cultural, environmental and technological factors, this technique is playing a major part in the presentation of the comp
Heat Energy Associated with Chemical and Physical
Heat Energy Associated with Chemical and Physical
Heat Energy Associated with Chemical and Physical Changes Introduction: The purpose of this lab is to discover the amount of heat associated with chemical and physical changes. What was being tested in this lab was the heat changes of both chemical and physical processes and see if the energy is endothermic or exothermic. Physical change is when it changes the state the substance is in but not the substance itself. Chemical change is when a chemical reaction has occurred and there is a new subs
The Effect Of Different Substances On The Freezing
The Effect Of Different Substances On The Freezing
The Effect Of Different Substances On The Freezing Point Of Water Essays, Book Reports, Term Papers This essay The Effect Of Different Substances On The Freezing Point Of Water Essays, Book Reports, Term Papers has a total of 2601 words and 12 pages. The Effect of Different Substances on the Freezing Point of Water Period 4 January 19, 2012   The Effect of Different Substances on the Freezing Point of Water Introduction Water is essential for all life on Earth and covers 70% of the Earth surf