ConfuciusConfucius CONFUCIUS (551 ? 479 B.C.E.) What is ?Ultimate Reality? for Confucius? Ultimate Reality according to Confucius was primarily human reality. Confucius looks at the metaphysics of People and how they think. His concern was with human beings and their relationships along with their actions. His doctrine, which became known as the Confucian religion, sought ?GentlemanlyConduct? or Dao (way) that was to be achieved through the process of adherence to ritual. What are its competing aspects?