What is Euthanasia and the 3 types



Professor Womack

Speech #3

19 February 2015

What is Euthanasia and the 3 types

I. Introduction

a. Imagine you are driving to school one day; the sun is finally out since who

knows when, a slight breeze blowing, it feels so good you dare to roll the

windows down. you are cruising along, jamming to missy Elliot, but of

course, your mind is on the big speech you have in public speaking and out of

no where you hear a can horn blaring at you.

b. You are brought to reality from your day dream daze only to realize its too

late. The semi truck rams into your side of the car with bone crushing force.

You are no longer a happy, carefree teen, but a car accident victim, one who is

now hopelessly rolling down a hill in their car.

c. Paramedics are called to the scene immediately, you hear muffled sounds and

an overwhelming sadness comes over you as the realization sets in, then

everything goes bleak.

d. No, you are not a happy carefree teen anymore, you are an individual in a

irreversible coma lying in a hospital bed

e. “the outcome is unknown “ says the doctor. Your parents and family are an

emotional wreck.

f. My name is Tiffany Liu and today I will be discussing Euthanasia and the 3

forms of euthanasia, voluntary, non voluntary, and involuntary.

g. Thesis: The word euthanasia translates from the Greek root word as “ good

death.” It is describe as the actions of inducing a gentle and easy death.

According to the American Medical association, euthanasia is the

administration of a lethal agent by another person to a patient for the purpose

of relieving a patient’s intolerable and incurable suffering.

Transition: first lets start with voluntary euthanasia

II. Body

a. Voluntary

i. Voluntary euthanasia is when the patient give their consent

ii. A person is considered competent if they have a understanding of

what is going on and its consequences

iii. A example of this would be a doctor giving a patient a lethal

injection who is competent and suffering at the patients request.

Transition: next is non-voluntary

b. Non voluntary

i. Non-voluntary euthanasia is done without the knowledge of a patient

because of the patient’s incompetence whether they have always been

incompetent or left no advance directive.

ii. A person is considered incompetent if they have no understanding

of what is going on and its consequences.

iii. In most cases in this situation, the wishes of the patient are

unknown

iv. A example of this would be a physician giving a incompetent

elderly women who is suffering from an advanced terminal disease but

did not make any wishes when she was competent to decide

Transition: last is involuntary

c. Involuntary

i. Involuntary euthanasia is also done without patients consent

ii. Except it is done against the patient, who is competent, wishes or

against someone wishes expressed in an advance directive

iii. A example of this would be a doctor giving a patient who is

unconscious and suffering from stage four liver cancer, a lethal

injection despite the fact that they wrote an advance directive against

any action to make their death fast.

iv. Unfortunately you cant do this to an ex

III. Conclusion

a. Now that I have informed you of the 3 aspects of euthanasia, voluntary, giving

consent

b. Nonvoluntary, the patient is euthanized without patients knowledge because

of their incompetence

c. And involuntary, done against a competent patient wishes

d. I hope that you will keep this information for future references and be more

informed. Thank you.

Works cited

"Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." U.S National

Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.

"Death and Dying." Euthanasia. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2015.

"Euthanasia." MedicineNet. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2015.

"Forms of Euthanasia." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.

Young, Robert. "Voluntary Euthanasia." Stanford University. Stanford University, 18

Apr. 1996. Web. 16 Feb. 2015.