This essay Was Captain Scott a hero or a bungler? has a total of 1527 words and 6 pages.
Was Captain Scott a hero or a bungler?
?Scott of the Antarctic? was a naval officer, a meteorologist and an explorer. He died attempting to be the first to reach the South Pole.
Robert Falcon Scott was born on the 6th of June 1868 in Devonport; he became a naval cadet at the age of 13 and served on a number of ships in the 1880?s and 1890?s.
He was appointed commander of the National Antarctic expedition of 1901-04 by the National Geographic Society. The expedition aboard the ship ?The Endurance?, included Ernest Shackleton and was a great success. It set a new record for the furthest a person had been toward the South Pole. During the expedition, Ernest Shackleton caught frostbite and had to be dragged the rest of the way by his colleagues, this caused friction between Scott and Shackleton.
When Scott returned he was recognised as a national hero. He had also been promoted to Captain. With all this fame he caught the exploring bug. He started planning for another expedition and spent years trying to raise funds. While Scott had caught the bug, Ernest Shackleton had also started planning for another expedition, He raised the funds far quicker and had gone to the Antarctic, setting a new record for the furthest reached toward the South Pole.
When Scott heard of this he was determined to better it by trying to reach the South Pole. He planned on using dogs, ponies and mechanical sledges which were a new invention which Scott planned to use to carry the rocks and other items he found on the expedition. He set off in June 1910.
Unknown to anyone a new party had entered the race to be the first to reach the South Pole. Ronald Amundson was a Norwegian who had been in the race to be the first to the North Pole but had been beaten. He wanted to follow in the great explores? footsteps and had made everyone believe that he was going for another expedition to the North Pole, but in fact he was going to the South Pole. He did not tell anyone, including his crew until he was far out at sea; this was because the Norwegian people would not have agreed to it. Amundson was an excellent skier and was used to the cold conditions, this gave him an advantage over Scott when he entered the race.
Scott set off on his trek to the pole, the following October, he was planning on going for a scientific expedition collecting rocks, with mechanical sledges, ponies and dogs . He was using ponies because on Shackletons previous trip they had used these ponies and seemed to do the job. In fact the ponies did the exact opposite , they were slowing the expedition down and unfortunately had to be destroyed and the expedition carried on without them. The mechanical sledges were the next to break because they could not cope with the conditions, so were abandoned. The dogs continued with them until the polar plateau. At this point they turned back, leaving Scott, Wilson Oats, Bowers and Evans to tackle the plateau, it was especially cold on that expedition, and Scott and his men knew it, it was actually the worst conditions ever recorded in the history of the Antarctic.
Amundson had also left but had started closer to the pole, on September 8th 1911 which was earlier than he had planned, but he was that determined to win he was risking his, and others lives to be the first person to the South Pole, unfortunately for him he had to turn back toward their camp because it was too cold, he finally set of 11 days after he returned and was in the lead because of the place he had chosen to anchor his ship. Amundson was a very accomplished explorer, he knew that this expedition was going to be hard, he was a fitness addict, he entered ski races and hikes in Norway and prepared thoroughly, He was the first person to navigate his way through the North West of America. Amundson had taken a lot of food and supplies with him on this expedition, ten times as much to be more accurate, while Scott had only taken enough
Topics Related to Was Captain Scott a hero or a bungler?
Robert Falcon Scott, Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, Ernest Shackleton, Scott of the Antarctic, South Pole, Discovery Expedition, Antarctic Plateau, Ranulph Fiennes, Terra Nova Expedition, Comparison of the Amundsen and Scott Expeditions
Essays Related to Was Captain Scott a hero or a bungler?
Was Captain Scott a hero or a bungler?Was Captain Scott a hero or a bungler? ?Scott of the Antarctic? was a naval officer, a meteorologist and an explorer. He died attempting to be the first to reach the South Pole. RobertFalconScott was born on the 6th of June 1868 in Devonport; he became a naval cadet at the age of 13 and served on a number of ships in the 1880?s and 1890?s. He was appointed commander of the National Antarctic expedition of 1901-04 by the National Geographic Society. The expedition aboard the ship ?The Endurance