Violation of the Rights of the Child.

The Provisions of CRC

The Convention on the Rights of the Child sets out basic human rights that
children every where have. These are the right to survival; to develop to
the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation;
and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The
Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care;
education; and legal, civil and social services. States that ratify the
Convention are obliged to develop and undertake all actions and policies in
the light of the best interests of the child.

A child is a defined as a human being below the age of eighteen years.
Rights conferred on children by the convention should be made available by
the states irrespective of any discrimination. A child should be
registered immediately after birth; has a right to a name and a right to
acquire a "nationality" " State parties should protect the child from all
forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse neglect or negligent
treatment' maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse, while in
the care of parents legal guardians or any other person who has the care of
the child" (article 19)

State parties recognize "the right of the child to education, make primary
education compulsory and available free to all etc., (article 28/11) States
parties shall ensure that school discipline is administered in a manner
consistent with the child's human dignity and in conformity with the
convention. (article 28, (2) ), State parties shall protect the child from
economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be
harmful to child's health or physical mental spiritual moral or social
development (Article 32) The Convention also prohibits subjecting a child
to "torture or other cruel, inhuman or defrauding treatment or punishment
(37a)

Country Incidents

It is now sought to examine the extent of incidents that impinge on rights
of children in several country contexts. Sri Lanka is a state party to CRC
and ILO Convention 182 on Elimination of worst forms of child labour. A
child activity survey undertaken in 1999 by the state found 11000 children
between 5 and 14 working full time and another 15,000 engaged in
housekeeping. Survey found 450,000 children employed by families in
seasonal agriculture. Measures are being designed to overcome the worst
forms of child labour and effect changes to the law. Various estimates of
child recruitment as soldiers are being monitored by UNICEF. With
escalation of war it is feared large numbers are exposed to recruitment by
rebel groups. Sri Lanka has set up a National Child Protection Committee
to undertake measures against trafficking of children; create awareness
programmes on abuse and denial of child rights for the Police Judiciary and
Higher Judiciary (Source: Sri Lanka State of Human Rights 2005; Law and
Society Trust ISDN 955-9026-99-9, P 260-265)

A report on street children in Moscow recalls problem of "Street kids",
most of whom run away from their parents. "Experts say" existing system
of child welfare must not be expanded but reformed. It has been observed
that the vast majority of today's street "urchins" have run away from
living parents who drink heavily have no means to feed their kids or
routinely abuse them" Ternovskaya from Education Ministry working group
going by UK experience recommends 50-70 social workers should work at every
low level municipality now staffed by only one or two persons. A family
code should enable local authorities to intervene with troubled families.
There is also a fear violation of child rights prevails in privately run
shelters. There is a proposal to develop a juvenile justice system where
officers are specially trained and not burdened by other cases and may
intervene with supportive measures.
(source:- http/www.hrc.ca/children/street/russia/jan02.shtml/sventlana
korkina)

Helena William and John Deane from PA news, reports that two influential
Parliamentary Committees in UK urged that "parents should be banned from
smacking their children" Such measures will help to close the "reasonable
chastisement" defense now often relied upon by abusers. Yet a ban from
smacking should not be a response to child abuse in the light of death of 8
year old Victoria who died at the hands of her great aunt of hypothermia,
malnourishment and 128 separate injuries on her body after suffering months
of abuse from her care. It is reported that approximately 80 children in
England die from abuse each year. Reforms to the law are being considered
as "hitting children is wrong" interests of children's rights and child
protection call for re examination of concept of "reasonable chastisement"
(source: http://news.independent.co.uk/uk/politics/article 110187.ecl)

37 media personal and academicians participating