Oxford University Press Headway Plus ELEMENTARY Writing Guide 2011-12
A topic sentence is:
 at or near the start of the paragraph.
 at the end of the paragraph.
 the main idea of the paragraph.
 a small detail from the paragraph.
 one or two words.
 a complete sentence.
My favourite drink is tea and I drink a lot of it. I always have
tea in the morning for breakfast. I make a pot of tea and
then I drink it all myself. Sometimes I have another pot
before lunch. At four oíclock, I make a cup of mint tea. Mint
tea is good for waking up and studying.
I would like to tell you about my uncle. His name is Juma and he is thirty-nine years old. He is my
fatherís youngest brother. I really like Uncle Juma because he is very kind and very funny. He also
tells us interesting stories about the places he visits.
My brothers all have jobs. My oldest brother, Edward, is a doctor at the hospital in the centre of
the city, and the second oldest, Daniel, is an accountant in an office near our home. My youngest
brother is a policeman. I am the only brother who is still at school.
I love football! I loved football when I was a small boy, and I love it now. My favourite team is
Manchester United. I go to see our local club team every weekend, and now I play for the college
three times a week.
I like most types of books. However, the books I enjoy the most are travel books. I like reading
about different countries and the famous places there. When I go on holiday, I always buy lots of
books about the place I am visiting. Travel books help you to understand a place.
TOPIC SENTENCES Worksheet 1: What is a topic sentence?
Exercise 1: What is a topic sentence?
Read the paragraph.
Look at the underlined sentence.
This is the topic sentence.
Tick () the correct information
about topic sentences.
Exercise 2:
Read the paragraphs. Underline the topic sentences.
Oxford University Press Headway Plus ELEMENTARY Writing Guide 2011-12
Paragraph A: Topic sentence ____
First, you know everyone and everyone knows you. This helps you to feel safe, and it is friendlier.
Secondly, it is quiet and there are fewer cars. This means there is less pollution than in a big town
or city.
Paragraph C: Topic sentence ____
I donít want my children to live in a big city because a big city is not as friendly or as safe as a
village. I want to move to the village where my grandparents live. The children can play in the
street there and everyone knows each other.
Paragraph B: Topic sentence ____
It was a very nice place to live then. Now it is much bigger than before. More people live there and
some big businesses opened offices there. My parents still live there but they say it was better in
the past.
Paragraph D: Topic sentence ____
There are only a few food shops and one school here. Most people go to the big city to go shopping
for clothes and gifts. There is a doctorís but there isnít a hospital. Again, you need to go to the city
if you need the hospital. However, our town is very nice and it has a beautiful park.
Exercise 3:
Read the paragraphs.
Write the number of the topic sentence next to the correct paragraph.
Write TS where the sentence goes in the paragraph.
Topic sentences
1. I lived in a small town when I was a child.
2. When I have my own children, I want to move to a small town.
3. The town I live in is very small.
4. There are two main advantages of living in a small town.
Oxford University Press Headway Plus ELEMENTARY Writing Guide 2011-12
TOPIC SENTENCES Worksheet 2: Choosing and using topic sentences
Exercise 1:
Read the paragraph and tick () the best topic sentence.
Topic sentences:
 A: Japan is a very beautiful country.
 B: Japan, for example, makes computers.
 C: Japan is a very important country.
 D: Japan makes cars.
__________________________________ It produces
many cars, such as Toyotas and Nissans, which it sells
all over the world. It also produces electrical goods
such as televisions and DVDs. Tokyo, the capital of
Japan, is one of the biggest and most modern cities in
the world.
What is wrong with the other topic sentences? Match them to the problems.
Exercise 2:
Read the two topic sentences. Write the other sentences in order below the correct topic sentences.
1. Computers are very