The systematic or the "scientific study" that deals with human social relationship and institutions is sociology. It has a variety of subject matter varying religion, race, family, state, crime, culture. With these diverse subject matter in sociology, it has a purpose of understanding the way human activities and awareness shaped by surrounding cultural and social organizations. Sociology is an interesting and revealing course of study that studies and elaborates the significant features of our personal lives, society, and the whole world. Sociology helps to develop individual along with the whole world. At individual level sociology deals with social causes and problems, in society level, it deals with social problems and social evils whereas it studies global problems such as population, migration, economy and conflicts at a global level.
Sociology studies all the dimensions related to human, the interactions between people to the relationships between an organization and institutional forms. Human thinking and activities are profoundly associated with human surroundings. Sociology used different research methodologies and studies at a micro level. sociology studies varied concepts for whatever might produce a perfect society. Generally, people consider that society should emphasize on making sure everybody is treated equally, including from an economic point of view. However, other people consider that a perfect society involves stratified classes, as wanting to live prosperous life encourages people to work harder. These questions are included in the study of sociology where economics, politics, and culture combine in different methods.
Other questions sociologists attempt through sociology are, β€˜How culture and traditions are formed and passed through one generation to the next?\', β€˜Food habits and what kinds of agricultural productions are made in your country? Questions regarding religious rituals, similarities, and dissimilarities between different people, race, ethnicities, economy, and conflicts are also solved through sociology. More than the question sociology studies social institutions such as families, marriage, education,
Sociologists emphasize on careful collection and analysis of evidence about social life to develop and improve our understanding of significant social procedures. Sociologists use different methods. They study and "work directly with people, ethical standards must guide their investigative project." They study "the everyday life of groups, conduct large-scale surveys, interpret historical documents, analyze census data, study videotaped interactions, interview participants of groups, and conduct laboratory experiments Like other social scientists. "Sociologists sometimes uses hypothesis by stipulating cause and effect relationships examined under controlled circumstances in experiments." They use "survey research methods, fieldwork called participatory observation, analysis and case study" as the methods to study and answer the questions regarding sociology.
In addition to presenting the sociological evaluation and presenting how our social settings affect our approaches, behavior, and life chances in so many ways, we hoped to stimulate your sociological imagination to recognize the social forces affecting us all and to suggest what needs to be done to have a society where all people have equal opportunity to achieve their dreams. To conclude, sociological perspectives are used to understand human behavior while seeing the broader social context. Each theoretical perspective serves to explain human behavior within its own category. However, if one wanted to study the social institution of a business or how school functions once would be best to adopt the Structural functionalist perspective.
One can use sociology as a basis for understanding human behavior in everyday life whether it be on an individual basis or group. As John Donne is quoted as saying "No man is an island unto himself," individual behaviors can not be separated from group behavior because we carry society within us. But, one can concentrate on one aspect more than the other.
Strada, M. J. (2009).Β Through the Global Lens An introduction to the Social SciencesΒ (Third ed.). Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.