The Chicago Defender was a newspaper that defended race against violence and issues that America didn't discuss that would resolve for the African Americans. The Newspaper was founded by, Robert S. Abott on May 5, 1905(as cited in Chicago Defender). Abott started celling his newspapers for a very low price, working in a small kitchen. Since the paper was a northern newspaper he had more freedom to attack racial issues. With Abotts dramatic headlines and graphic images, he got his readers attention, and conveying the horror of lynching and raping (as cited in Chicago Defender). The newspaper was read broadly in the South. The newspapers had to be smuggled threw the south since people were trying to confiscate it and also threatened its readers (as cited in Chicago Defender). The Chicago Defender was passed from person to person in the South, with each paper sold and was read by four to five African Americans. This put its readership at over 500,000 each week. The Chicago Defender was the first African American newspaper to have a health column and have a full page of comic strips.

Chicago Defender on the black experience2

The Defender wages its most aggressive campaign during "The Great Depression" movement. During the Great Depression African Americans began to build a new place for themselves to confront economic and social changes. African Americans who left the south and made they're way to the north was a huge impact to the urban life. The South was where they were driven from out of their homes and surrounded by segregation, and the North provided African Americans more opportunities in life, such as industrial work. In many Northern cities African Americans population started to expand (as cited in Staff, H. (2010). Great Migration ). The Defender spoke on hazards on the remaining African Americans of the segregation in the South. The newspaper started using editorials, articles, and cartoons headlines to attract people to the movement. From the Defender's support of the movement, it caused black readers to migrate to the North where there were more opportunities for African Americans. There were 1 million African Americans who had left the South by the end of 1919 (as cited in Chicago Defender). There were African Americans who traveled from boat, trains, and automobiles. Many blacks found a good outcome from moving out of the south to north, by finding jobs, in factories and slaughterhouses. Even though there were opportunities for work there was competition for housing in crowded cities (as cited in Staff, H. (2010). Great Migration ). The North lacked segregation, but there was still racism and prejudice.
As years progressed, The Chicago Defender provided first hand coverage of evens such as the Red Summer Riots. There was a city of race riots in cities across the country. This riot impacted a lot
Chicago Defender on the black experience3

of deaths in the United States. In most deaths there were whites killing Africans Americans, and in some cases blacks fought back. This riot campaigned to anti-lynching legislation (as cited in Chicago Defender).
Abott let his nephew John H. Sengstacke take control of The Chicgao Defender and Abott became the first president of the National Negro Publishers Association (as cited in Chicago Defender). The Chicago defender was the largest African American owned newspaper in the world.


































Chicago Defender on the black experience4



References:



History.com Staff, H. (2010). Great Migration. Retrieved February 02, 2017, from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/great-migration

New spapers The Chicago Defender ( n.d.). Retrieved February 02, 2017, from http://www.pbs.org/blackpress/news_bios/defender.html