Ministry of Urban Development
Government of India June 2015
Smart Cities
Mission Statement & Guidelines
Government of India
Ministry of Urban Development
(June, 2015)
Contents
1. The Challenge of Urbanization 5
2. What is a ‘smart city’ 5
3. Smart City Features 7
4. Coverage and Duration 7
5. Strategy 8
6. Proposal Preparation 9
7. Smart Cities Selection Process 10
8. How Many Smart Cities in Each State/UT? 11
9. The Process of Selection of Smart Cities 11
10. Implementation by Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) 12
11. Financing of Smart Cities 13
12. Funds Release 14
13. Mission Monitoring 15
14. Convergence with Other Government Schemes 17
15. Challenges 18
Annexures
Annexure 1: Scope of work for the Smart City Consulting Firm 21
Annexure 2: Number of cities allocated to States based on urban population and number of
statutory towns 23
Annexure 3: Challenge Stage 1: Preconditions and Documents to be submitted by each State 25
Annexure 4: Challenge Stage 2: Criteria and Indicative Table of Contents 33
Annexure 5: Structure and Functions of SPV 37
Annexure 6: Utilization Certificate Format 41
Annexure 7: Score Card for Smart Cities 42
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Smart Cities Mission
1. The Challenge of Urbanization
1.1 Cities are engines of growth for the economy of every nation, including India. Nearly 31% of
India’s current population lives in urban areas and contributes 63% of India’s GDP (Census 2011).
With increasing urbanization, urban areas are expected to house 40% of India’s population and
contribute 75% of India’s GDP by 2030. This requires comprehensive development of physical,
institutional, social and economic infrastructure. All are important in improving the quality of
life and attracting people and investments to the City, setting in motion a virtuous cycle of
growth and development. Development of Smart Cities is a step in that direction.
2. What is a ‘smart city’
2.1 The first question is what is meant by a ‘smart city’. The answer is, there is no universally accepted
definition of a Smart City. It means different things to different people. The conceptualisation
of Smart City, therefore, varies from city to city and country to country, depending on the
level of development, willingness to change and reform, resources and aspirations of the city
residents. A Smart City would have a different connotation in India than, say, Europe. Even in
India, there is no one way of defining a Smart City.
2.2 Some definitional boundaries are required to guide cities in the Mission. In the imagination of
any city dweller in India, the picture of a Smart City contains a wish list of infrastructure and
services that describes his or her level of aspiration. To provide for the aspirations and needs
of the citizens, urban planners ideally aim at developing the entire urban eco-system, which
is represented by the four pillars of comprehensive development — institutional, physical,
social and economic infrastructure. This can be a long term goal and cities can work towards
developing such comprehensive infrastructure incrementally, adding on layers of ‘smartness’.
2.3 In the approach to the Smart Cities Mission, the objective is to promote cities that provide
core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable
environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions. The focus is on sustainable and inclusive
development and the idea is to look at compact areas, create a replicable model which will
act like a light house to other aspiring cities. The Smart Cities Mission of the Government
is a bold, new initiative. It is meant to set examples that can be replicated both within and
outside the Smart City, catalysing the creation of similar Smart Cities in various regions and
parts of the country.
2.4 The core infrastructure elements in a Smart City would include:
i. adequate water supply,
ii. assured electricity supply,
iii. sanitation, including solid waste management,
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iv. efficient urban mobility and public transport,
v. affordable housing, especially for the poor,
vi. robust IT connectivity and digitalization,
vii. good governance, especially e-Governance and citizen participation,
viii. sustainable environment,
ix. safety and security of citizens, particularly women, children and the elderly, and
x. health and education.
2.5 As far as Smart Solutions are concerned, an illustrative list is given below. This is not, however,
an exhaustive list, and cities are free to add more applications.
2.6 Accordingly, the purpose of the Smart Cities Mission is to drive economic growth and improve
the quality of life of people by enabling local area development and harnessing technology,
especially technology that leads to Smart outcomes. Area-based development will transform
existing areas (retrofit and redevelop), including slums, into better planned ones, thereby
improving liveability of the whole City. New areas (greenfield) will be developed around cities
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in order to accommodate the expanding