This essay Shakespearean vs. Petrarchan Sonnets has a total of 613 words and 5 pages.
Shakespearean vs. Petrarchan Sonnets
Shakespearean vs. Petrarchan Sonnets
A. Compare and contrast the differences between a Petrarchan sonnet vs. a Shakespearean sonnet.
B. Some things that you’ll need to know before you start this assignment are: If the sonnet is going to be in the English form, the logical progression of thought should be as follows: the first 12 lines develop the main idea, and the last 2 lines (a rhymed couplet) give the conclusion. The Italian (Petrarchan) form, the pattern should be thus: The first 8 lines develop the main idea, and the last 6 lines give the conclusion. Italian (Petrarchan) rhyme scheme: abba cddc efg efg. Shakespearean: abab cdcd efef gg
C. Read the following Petrarchan Sonnet and Shakespearean Sonnet
D. Answer the questions below using evidence from the text to support each of your answers.
A Game of Chess
To John Brodie
By Gwen Harwood
Nightfall: the town’s chromatic nocturne wakes a
Dark brilliance on the river; colours drift b
And tremble as enormous shadows lift b
Orion to his place. The heart remakes a
That peace torn in the blaze of day. Inside c
Your room are music, warmth and wine, the board d
With chessmen set for play. The harpsichord d
Begins a fugue; delight is multiplied. c
A game: the heart’s impossible ideal- e
To choose among a host of paths, and know f
That if the kingdom crumbles one can yield g
And have the choice again. Abstract and real e
joined in their trance of thought, two players show f
the calm of gods above a troubled field. g
Harwood, Gwen. “A Game of Chess.” Patterns in Poetry, 2012. http://www.cranberrydesigns.com/poetry/sonnet/examples.htm. Pg. 3
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Sonnet 18
By William Shakespeare
Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate:
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,
And summer’s lease hath all too short a date:
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,
And often is his gold complexion dimm’d;
And every fair from fair sometime declines,
By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimm’d;
But they eternal summer shall not fade,
Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest;
Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,
When in eternal lines to time thou growest;
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.
Shakespeare, William. “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Sonnet 18.” Patterns in Poetry, 2012. http://www.cranberrydesigns.com/poetry/sonnet/examples.htm. Pg. 3
1.What is the rhyme scheme of the Shakespearean poem and the Petrarchan poem? Label each accordingly.
2. What does the difference between the rhyme schemes do to the poems? How does it make them different? How does it make them the same?
3. What is the main idea and conclusion of the Shakespearean poem? Use examples from the text to explain your meaning.
4. What is the main idea and conclusion of the Shakespearean poem? Use examples from the text to explain your meaning.
5. The main idea is the first 12 lines of a Shakespearean poem and the last two are the conclusion. What affect does that have on the poem? Use examples from the text to back up your reasoning.
6. The main idea is the first 8 lines of a Petrarchan poem and the last 6 are the conclusion. What affect does that have on the poem? Use examples from the text to back up your reasoning.
7. Which of the two types of writing would you rather read and why? Use examples from the text to back up your reasoning.
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