Sasha Gutierrez ANT 200 -1101
10/20/16 ' ' PROFESSOR MATTHEWS
R edefining gender roles in street culture
E thnography by definition is the study of human races and cultures. P hillipe bourgeois "selling crack en el barrio "focuses predominately on street culture in urban neighborhoods. Chapter six in his work highlight's gender roles and the treatment of women within this culture. Along with this chapter six of the anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean by Harry Sanabria which provides ethnographic support of women roles within their cultur es and how they begun to evolve. Street culture for a long time has been characterized my misogyny and violence towards women. As appose to just becoming victims, this behavior within street culture has motivated women to find ways to establish power and authority. Redefining previously established gender roles.
Phillipe bourgeois in his chapter entitled redrawing the gender line on the street speaks about the prominence of sexual violence in urban Spanish neighborhoods or (el barrio ). G iving the idea that these are not isolated incidents but an accepted common occurrence. As a result, women have begun trying to assert themselves within the barrio as individual's with rights and powers instead of allowing themselves to be controlled. "women's roles and behavior are supposedly confined to the domestic domain while male behavior and roles properly belong in the street ( S anabria pg 156) ." ethnographically speaking with this means is women in el barrio are fighting against establish gender roles trying to make their way in a male dominated world while man strive to assert and maintain their dominance. This growing struggle for dominant has become less about gender roles and more about what gender has the power.
Another obstacle woman faces while trying to establish themselves in the streets is the idea that the women of the streets inherently a bad women and thus cannot also be the kind of women to held a household . In his book Phillipe recounts the story of a women named candy who went from being a victim of domestic violence to a respected drug dealer. However, one of the things he found most odd about candy was her desire to bare twelve children while simultaneously behaving like a "macho street dealer" this for Phillipe was proof that gender roles idea were changing. Candy story represents how complex the idea of women role in street culture really is does candy stand for. Does candy stand for what all street savy street women want or does she just stand for individually liberty ? The idea of women playing both parts becoming the new normal completely redefines gender roles of the past. Sanabria description of of marianismo or what we know more as the ideal of a house wife is contradictory to bourgeois idea of the modern women running the streets but first-hand accounts like those from candy show that women have the desire and the ability to be both.
In conclusion the ethnography of gender rules and stre et culture has shown that women gender role were subject to change in evolution. This shows that women do not always have to choose a specific role to play but that it is possible to adequately fulfil more than one role. Harry S anabria presents with factual representation of past and current gender roles while Phillipe bourgeois leaves the reader with that idea of what future gender roles for women in the steeet look like.



Work cited

Sanabria , Harry. "Robot Check." Robot Check . N.p ., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2016.
Merriam-Webster . Merriam-Webster, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2016.
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"Philippe Bourgeois - In Search of Respect. Selling Crack in El Bario ." Scribd . N.p ., n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2016