Racial Profiling on the African-American Community in the United States
Research Assignment

Professor Hebert Johnson
CUNY John Jay College

Did you ever think about how racial profiling has a huge effect on the African-American community and why? The meaning of racial profiling is the use of an individual’s race or ethnicity by law enforcement personnel as a key factor in deciding whether to engage in enforcement (e.g. stop and search or arrest). The practice is controversial and is illegal in many jurisdictions. It should not be confused with offender profiling, which is an investigative tool. For example, in New York City the NYPD use Stop & Frisk policy this is a type of racial profiling. The NYPD in their Stop & Frisk policy they mainly target Latino and African American Males. There are many different types of racial profiling activities that law enforcement use to target these individuals. Since the beginning of slavery African Americans have suffered all throughout the history of the United States even in today’s society. The main reason in advocating racial profiling in the background of criminal study can enlarge the possibility of arresting criminals. Paul Bou-Habib stated, “If the rate at which members of a specific racial group commits a crime is higher than that of other criminals will be caught if the police concentrate their efforts on investigating members of the racial group in question?” (2011, p.34). It is injustice, when law enforcements and the media have a racist attitude towards blacks which makes society label black people as dangerous individuals. For example, my friend and me were in McDonald’s in the parking lot and he was exhausted of driving so he wanted to switch seats with me so I can drive. While leaving the parking lot, the officer had pulled us over because he seen a black guy get out of his car and thought something seemed suspicious. The officer implied that my friend was up to no good because it has been told in society that black men are up to no good. The term “driving while black has been used to describe the practice of law enforcement officials to stop African-American drivers without probable cause” (Weatherspoon, 2004).
Currently, Education has been a system of miss-education. I believe that children are pushed out of high school due to the treatment that they receive from the school faculty and staff. Dr. Carter G. Woodson published a book called “The Miss-Education of the Negro” in his book it explains how miss-education was a turning point in educating another black Negro scholar. In most public schools history books it ever mentions the existence or great scholars presented to black children. Therefore, many African-Americans have no idea about themselves other than television and through pictures portray by the media and what the law enforcement let’s society. Woodson stated, how “dooming the Negro to a brain-washed acceptance of the inferior role assigned to him by the dominant race, and absorbed by him through his schooling” (Woodson, 1933). The public schools are transforming into prison institution whereas the teachers are becoming the police officers. According to KAMR, a school in Texas called Canadian Independent School District came to conclusion to allow qualified teachers to carry guns in school. For example, Carasanie High School in Brooklyn, NewYork used to be a high-standard public school thirty years ago because of the white community, now since the African-Amercain dominated that coummunity the same public high school looks like a prison because of the surrounding of that community where that public school is in. Again I would argue how the school system is transforming into a prison industry. In today’s society many public schools have been issued metal detectors, excessive cameras and clear book bags to verify that there is no weapons nor drugs inside them. According to Peter Gray, John Jay High and Anson Jones Middle School in San Antonio issued ID badges for all students to wear. The media reported that the “badges contain radio frequency chips, which allow school officials to monitor the kids’ movements anywhere in the school building or on school grounds” (Gray, 2012). Also in 2010, the Lower Merion School District in Pennsylvania started viewing students at their house and in school with spyware implanted into school-issued laptops.
Slavery has many similarities with the