This essay QUANTUM MATTER TELEPORTER has a total of 1088 words and 5 pages.
QUANTUM MATTER TELEPORTER
Today's society utilizes the car as the universal mode of transportation. The vehicle has developed radically in the past century and is now a household item. The modern family uses the car for all its basic needs, from long distance transportation to a drive to the local park. Other various fossil fuel powered vehicles are also utilized for transportation of goods and carry out various services.
The car however raises the problem of over-congestion and instead of speeding travel, slows it down. With the rising population, this problem only grows, especially in highly urbanized cities. Traffic results in rampant accidents and is a major hindrance to the work that needs to be done, as it is suddenly impeded by an abrupt stop.
Additionally, the car and other present day vehicles utilize fossil fuels. The use of these and burning of these leads to rampant pollution of the air. The green house gasses like methane and carbon dioxide that are released only serve to further deteriorate the ozone layer and increase global warming. In fact, transportation is one of the leading carbon producers , contributing up to 25% of total emissions according to the EPA . This problem, while not limited to transportation, is greatly increased by it.
Another flaw of today's vehicles is that they require a path or medium of travel. All terrestrial vehicles need roads to be constructed for them, often taking up large swathes of land just for them to travel. All maritime vehicles need water , it defines them and how they move. Jets require the presence of radio towers to signal where they land, not to mention requiring terminals and runways to be built. These requirements to even use these vehicles take up useful space that could have been utilized for other infrastructures such as homes, buildings of service, etc.
While progress has been made to combat the other flaws of conventional vehicles, they still all have the major flaw of requiring time. All the vehicles of today need us to wait hours, or even days to get to our destination. With the compiled problem of heavy traffic this situation does not seem as if it will ever improve with the continued use of cars.
Teleportation has long since been a matter of science fiction. The ability to travel to places without bearing any of the difficulties of the conventional vehicle. Teleportation as a universal mode of transportation would firstly, remove the traffic that is so often the main defect of cars. Secondly, the use of teleportation over the use of fossil fuel powered cars reduces the amount of carbon emissions produced by transportation drastically. Thirdly, teleportation, theoretically, would not require a medium of travel. Quantum teleportation at an optimum would not require any other communication medium, and at a more practical rate would require fiber cables, a technology more utilizable, less limited, and not as bulky as roads, airports and bodies of water. It would also be far faster than any other mechanical means of transportation. It could teleport you thousands or millions of kilometers away in nanoseconds.
This technology may seem like science fiction, but the technology to do this with base particles like photons and leptons exists today, and technology to apply this to quarks, the base parts of atoms, is theoretically very possible. In order to understand its workings, we must first know a bit of quantum mechanics. In everyday classical mechanics, everything is determined. A particle is here or there, the ball is rolling or still. But in quantum mechanics, objects can be in what is called a superposition wherein it can be in multiple states until observed. To demon strate this, Erwin Schrodinger once famously proposed a thought experiment with a cat that goes as such; suppose you have a cat in a box with poison that will release 50% of the time. You only know the cat is alive or dead after observation.
Now we can apply this to subatomic particles. All fundamental particles have a property called spin, which is to say they have angular momentum and an orientation in space. Now since we do not know the spin of the particles before measurement the