Princess Catherine Ann Buan Gaviola
MAED- Social Studies

Regional Differences
There are some 120 to 175 languages and dialects in the  Philippines , depending on the method of classification. Four others are no longer spoken .  Almost all are  Malayo-Polynesian languages , whereas one,  Chavacano , is a  creole derived from a  Romance language . Two are official (English and Filipino), while (as of 2017) nineteen are official  auxiliary languages . Including second-language speakers, there are more speakers of Filipino than English in the Philippines.
The  Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino  enumerated 135 Philippine languages present in the country through its Atlas Filipinas map published in 2014.
The indigenous scripts of the Philippines (such as the  Kulitan ,  Tagbanwa  and others) are used very little; instead, Filipino languages are today written in the  Latin script  because of the Spanish and American colonial experience.  Baybayin  however, one of the most well-known of the indigenous Filipino scripts, is used by the government in some applications such as on the  Philippine Banknotes , where the word "Pilipino" is inscribed using the writing system. As well, the  Arabic script  is used in Muslim areas in some areas in southern Philippines.
According to some ethnic and regional studies journalism of the Philippines by Lee S. Dutton : "Language and dialect affiliations are most important aspects of the Philippine there are some special importance of Cebuano, Ilokano, Tagalog and Hilganyon.
It is also noted that the Geographic and linguistic diversity of the Philippines is paralled by the diversity of its ethnic and cultural group. Thus resulting to extreme regionalism by the Filipinos.
The study conducted by Ronald E. Dolan titled: " Philippine: A country Study" he stated that the Philippine national identity emerged as a blendof diverse and linguistic groups when lowland Christians, called indios by the Spaniards, began referring to themselves as "Filipinos", excluding Muslims, upland triabal groups, and ethnic Chinese who had not been assimilated by intermarriage who did not fit to the category.
It was also noted that a societal cleavage among groups in revolting against Spanish rule and later fighting the United States . The troops of the Indigenous people became increasingly conscious of a national unity transcending local and regional identities. A public school system brought at least elementary-level education to all but the most remote barrios and sittios ( small cluster of homes) during the 20 th century also served to dilute religious, ethnic and linguistic or regional differences as did improvements in transportation and communication systems and the spread of English as the lingua franca.
Regional Differences do play a major role in shaping a nation for the language is a soul of a country but due to the fast changing times regional differences are more an expression of time lags and bound to diminish on the long run and we do see the gradual decline of it because the improved in transportation and mass media.