Nursing Assignment 1




FACULTY OF NURSING AND ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY NMNR5103
ASSIGNMENT 1
Discuss the integration of research findings and other forms of evidences to transform nursing practice.


Current semester: January 2015
Date of submission: 07/03/2015

INTRODUCTION
Nursing knowledge plays a key role in the nursing practice revolution. Major challenges are to select the 'right' knowledge from various sources and transform it into expedient knowledge. Knowledge defined as "information, understanding, or skill that you get from experience or education" (Marriem_Webster, 2015). Knowledge can be divided into two aspects, which call learning and knowing. Learning gain from the experience, study or being taught, while knowing is showing one has a knowledge, usually from personal understanding. In nursing practice, knowledge is gotten from multidimensional base and comprises evidence that comes from science, experience and personally derived understanding. Basically scientific knowledge is more systematic and developed through research activity where an exact approach is come after to acquire findings that can be applied to inform nursing practice. (Moule and Goodman, 2008). However, in nursing practice nurses also applied the knowledge that they gain from experience and personal leaning when delivers care to patients. In the other hand, Smith and Crookes, (2011) mention that knowledge is generated through encounter the activity of how knowledge is transfer at teaching, application in clinical practice and combined with other knowledge. Beside scientific knowledge, there are others sources of knowledge developed through experience that included trial and error, intuition, traditions knowledge, and personal knowledge. All nurses know nursing, but what they know and how they know might be different from each other due to different experiences, different taught and different qualification. The development and exploration of nursing knowledge are fundamental to the future of nursing practice. This paper will discuss the integration of research findings and other forms of evidences to transform nursing practice.
NURSING PRACTICE

The term art and science are important for practice of nursing. The science of nursing offers a basic foundation for nursing practice, while the art of nursing assist nurses to appreciate patients better (Wu, 2013). The combination of nursing science and art of nursing will result in excellence nursing practice. As mention earlier, science consists of structured knowledge that gains from research activities and finding the evidence for the best practices in nursing. Empirics knowledge is one of the nursing science, Carper, (1978) cited in Wu, (2013) describe empirics as systematic knowledge which is establish into theories to define, explain and forecast phenomena in nursing. Therefore, the nursing knowledge is objective, realistic and trustworthy. Art of nursing is the ability of nurses to attach with the patients. Art of nursing knowledge comes from personal knowledge that gains through experience while deal with patients in clinical area. Wu, (2013) expressed that nurses should work beyond the technical skills while interact with patients in order to achieve art of nursing. Nursing is the practice, however practice is multifaceted in nature. In nursing practice, nurses need knowledge concerning the physiological and psychological aspect on daily activities of living, as well as knowledge on medical treatment and pharmacology. They also need social knowledge in enable them to have appropriate skills and attitude in dealing with life and death. Nurses need good communication to interact with others such as patients, relatives, doctors and peers and most important they competence in carry out medical prescriptions. In order to justify and understand the complexities of nursing profession, nurses need knowledge that can explain the nursing practice. There are various sources of nursing knowledge that identical for nurses in nursing practice.
NURSING KNOWLEDGE

Nursing science is nursing knowledge. According to Mantzoukas and Jasper, (2008) nursing knowledge was found in 19th century and that time nursing knowledge was dominant until mid 20th century, and its from various forms influences current nursing practice. In this era, nursing knowledge was considered as a set of descriptive rules, where the nurses were trained and taught to follow to carry out nursing activities (Reed, 1995, Bradshaw, 2000 cited in Mantzoukas and Jasper, 2008). In the others word, nurses only carry out their duty based on guideline or instruction given by an authoritative person, mainly doctors and nurse manager. In this period of time, nurses did not have explanatory power; all nursing activities are based on rule and