This essay Nuclear Weapons And Defense has a total of 2105 words and 8 pages.
Nuclear Weapons and Defense
A third world country is producing nuclear weapons. The country is the same that has given the
United States trouble in the past. It is Iraq. Shortly after the U.S finds this out, we are being attacked by a
nuclear strike from Iraq. U.S. cities are being destroyed one by one. We declare a full scale nuclear
retaliation against Iraq. Huge devastation occurs throughout the world as allies join into the war. Nuclear
winter starts to develop. Over half of the world?s population has been eliminated. Water and food is
contaminated from the radiation. The few survivors of the nuclear war are eating dead animals and people.
There are no hospitals available for the sick, no electricity, no hot water, and no warm clothing. The land is
barren and covered with ruble in the areas that were once called cities. The sky is painted with dark gray
clouds. Lack of sunlight causes the temperature to drop by 50 degrees. The wind picks up and is seldom
below 15 miles per hour. The !
survivors' offspring, if they are not mutated in some way, will have no schools to attend. They will grow
up like primitive people. The world is forever changed.
The Strategic Initiative would benefit the U.S. because it would deter nuclear attacks on the U.S.
The Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) is a research and development program designed to create an
effective space-based defense against nuclear missile attack, and may provoke other nations to put the
same system into space above their own skies. The media labeled the system "Star Wars" because of the
high-tech space aspect of the system. Once nuclear missiles are launched, there is no way to stop them
once they are airborne. The system would be a layered weapon shield that could intercept large numbers of
oncoming intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), and
their warhead projectiles in any phase of flight.
The idea of stopping ballistic missiles enroute is not new. The United States and the USSR have deployed
Antiballistic Missiles (ABMs) in limited numbers. It is known, however, that such missiles can be
overwhelmed by thousands of warheads coming from many directions at once. In a nationally televised
address in March 1983, U.S. President Ronald Reagan called for the long term development of a space-
based defense system that would render nuclear missiles "impotent and obsolete.'' The result of his appeal
was SDI, with a planned spending level of $30 billion over five years. One reason for this was because it
would only take 30 minutes for a nuclear warhead to reach the U.S. after it was launched. Once the stuff of
science fiction, sophisticated missile defense systems employing satellite or ground based laser weapons,
particle beam accelerators, "smart" interceptor projectiles, and other computer integrated space
technologies may represent the next era in strategic milita!
ry doctrine and the U.S. Soviet arms competition.
As currently envisioned, the system uses a "layered" defense in which enemy missiles would come
under continuous attack from the time they are launched to just before they reach their targets, a total of
about 30 minutes. Surveillance satellites would register the heat given off by the rising missiles; satellite or
ground-based lasers would strike at the missiles during the boost phase, before they disgorge their many
warheads. X-ray or particle beam weapons would attack surviving missiles in space. A scientist working
on the project stated that "A single X-ray laser module the size of an school desk which applied this
technology could potentially shoot down the entire Soviet land based missile force, if it were to be
launched into the modules field of view." The system could be managed only by super computers whose
infinitely complex programs would have to be written by other computers. Most decisions would be taken
out of human hands.
Since 1983, space tests of many experimental SDI devices have been made. Nevertheless,
intensive studies by such organizations as the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) and the
Federation of American Scientists (FAS) are pessimistic about the possibility of developing reliable SDI
weapons. They also question whether the Pentagon has fully understood the possible range of
countermeasures that the Soviets might take. These groups and others have expressed concern that SDI
could suffer "catastrophic failure" in wartime and that deployment and even testing violates the 1972 Anti-
The administration was careful to note, and scientists quickly
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