Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Community Situation -
Addressed to whom

Jewish Audience (refers to things only Jewish people would know). Audience is educated Jews


Newly converted Christians with little background in Jewish Religion. Explains Jewish customs. Group experiencing persecution
Gentile audience with social Classes - Rich and Poor. Possibly becoming complacent in their beliefs.
Possibly belonging to a Jewish Christian sect in conflict with other local synagogues.
Author
(Traditional/
Implied)

Tax Collector
and Apostle Mark 3:18; Matt 9.9 Luke 6:15= if Matthew/

Jewish Christian or Ex Jewish individual



2nd Generation Christian
Hellenistic Influence = Gentile Convert/ Educated - possibly a doctor
Presents himself as a Historian
Beloved Disciple of Jesus - John
Time of writing

After Mark
75-80


Persecuted Christians
65 CE

80-85
Certainly after Mark and Possibly after Matthew
90
Latest Gospel
Sources Used
Mark
Q
(M)
?
Mark
Q
(L)
Book of signs?
Purpose

Fulfillment,
Demonstrate Jesus is the Jewish Messiah and show why they should believe this.


Followers who are doubting or people considering becoming followers.
Tries to encourage them to be followers despite the persecution they are facing. Shows that even Jesus disciples doubted.
Encourage complacent (Rich) followers to put their faith into practice.
To tell the truth of what happened according to Luke 1:1-4.
-Encourage a group in conflict with other Jews,
-John 20:31- these are written so that you might believe Jesus is the Messiah -Shows who Jesus is=God


themes

Fulfillment
Teaching -
New Moses
Forgiveness


Misunderstanding/ Disciples Failure
Messianic Secret
-Jesus as suffering Servant

-Poverty and Wealth
-Salvation in the here and now

I Am statements
High Christology
Key Passages
Matt. 5:17


Mark 3:20-27 (satan); Mark 8:29
Luke 4:14-30
Luke 1:1-4
John 1:1-17
John 20:31
Style of Writing
Influenced by Jewish (Hebrew) language
Grammatically poor Greek
Elegant, well written Greek