Lord of the Flies: Analytical Paper
Orianna Regan

Why is it that mankind, when put in difficult situations, is not able to maintain order? This is the question that William Golding has made us consider in his novel, Lord of the Flies. When a group of well-groomed British boys crash land on a deserted island, they are forced to take on responsibilities like never before. The boys strive to survive as they struggle to compromise amongst the group. As the novel progresses, it is clear that mankind can not operate properly in stressful situations. Golding\'s symbolic novel the conflict between civilization and savagery in the conflict between the novel\'s two main characters, the protagonist, who represents order, and the antagonist, who represents the chaos in man. The idea that man is innately evil finds expression in many important symbols throughout the novel. Golding believes man\'s savagery emerges when chaos overpowers civilization.

The first character that is introduced is the protagonist, Ralph. Golding describes him as an attractive boy, 12 years in age, and showing the qualities of a leader. The next character is Piggy. He is a short, chubby boy with glasses. The third character that is introduced is the antagonist, Jack, "His face was…freckled, and ugly without silliness" (22). Jack was about 12 years in age and was introduced with his group of choir boys standing behind him. Ralph blows a conch shell, making a loud noise, to gather the rest of the boys on the island. Once all the boys are gathered together, Ralph immediately says "we ought to have a chief to decide things" (28). Jack suggests "I ought to be chief" (28). The boys take a vote and Ralph is elected leader. Ralph puts Jack in charge of hunting. Immediately after being named leader, Ralph shows leadership. The first thing Ralph begins to do is make rules. Ralph says, "And another thing. We can\'t have everybody talking at once. We\'ll have to have \'Hands up\' like at school" (33). This shows signs of civilization beginning on the island. When the boys start getting distracted, Ralph waves the conch and tells the boys to listen. Ralph then says, "There\'s another thing. We can help them to find us. If a ship comes near the island they may not notice us. So we must make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire"(38). This shows that Ralph is thinking of long term survival and getting off the island. Ralph and Jack go off to start the fire as soon as the meeting is over. When they go to start the fire "Ralph and Jack looked at each other while society paused about them. The shameful knowledge grew in them and they did not know how to begin confession. Ralph spoke first, crimson in the face. ‘Will you?\' He cleared his throat and went on. ‘Will you light the fire?\' (40) Ralph and Jack start a fire with Piggy\'s glasses, this was the first big responsibility for survival.
The first sign of a savage impulse is Jack\'s initial desire to kill pigs to demonstrate bravery. At the next meeting, one of the littlluns, the younger ones, brings up that they have seen a beast, beastie, in the forest. This riles up the boys and Jack says that him and his hunters will hunt it down. All the boys believe the beast to be a different thing. Later on, Jack has starts his own group. This is when order begins to slip. Jack\'s hunger for power suggests that savagery does not resemble anarchy. Order is shown to be gone when Piggy tells Ralph, "I just take the conch to say this. I can\'t see no more and I got to get my glasses back. Awful things has been done on this island. I voted for you for chief. He\'s the only one who ever got anything done. So now you speak, Ralph, and tell us what. Or else—" Piggy broke off, sniveling. Ralph took back the conch as he sat down. "Just an ordinary fire. You\'d think we could do that, wouldn\'t you? Just a smoke signal so we can be rescued. Are we savages or what?" (170) This is right after Jack had taken Piggy\'s