LORD OF THE FLIES: ANALYTICAL PAPER……BY ORIANNA REGAN
1. INTRODUCTION AND THESIS
Why is it that mankind, when put in difficult situations, not able to maintain order? This is the question that William Golding has made us consider in his life changing novel, “Lord of the Flies”. When a group of well-groomed British boys crash land on a deserted island, they are forced to take on responsibilities like never before. The boys strive to survive as they struggle to compromise amongst the group. As the novel progresses it is clear that mankind can not operate properly in stressful situations. Golding’s symbolic novel represents how people feel the influences of the instincts of civilization and savagery to a different extent. He represents the conflict between civilization and savagery in the conflict between the novel’s two main characters, the protagonist, who represents order, and the antagonist, who represents the chaos in man. The idea that man is innately evil finds expression in many important symbols throughout the novel. Among all the characters in the novel, only one of them seems to possess any sense of innate goodness. Golding believes man’s savagery emerges when chaos overpowers civilization.
2. REASON ONE – SOCIETY AND CIVILIZATION
The boys slowly face the fact that they have just obtained huge responsibilities.
The first character that is introduced is the protagonist, Ralph. He is built like a boxer and shows qualities of a leader.
The next character is Piggy. He acts as Ralph’s sidekick.
The next character that is introduced is the antagonist, Jack, he is introduced with his group of choir boys standing behind him.
The boys vote Ralph for leader. Jack wanted to be leader.
Jack is put in charge of hunting. The first chance he has to kill ta pig, he hesitates and can’t do it.
“And another thing. We can\'t have everybody talking at once. We\'ll have to have \'Hands up\' like at school" (33).
Ralph is speaking.
He established rules right away.
Ralph waved the conch.
"Shut up! Wait! Listen!"
He went on in the silence, borne on in his triumph.
"There\'s another thing. We can help them to find us. If a ship comes near the island they may not notice us. So we must make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire."
"A fire! Make a fire!" (38)
Ralph is speaking.
He is thinking of the long term survival and getting off the island.
Ralph and Jack looked at each other while society paused about them. The shameful knowledge grew in them and they did not know how to begin confession.
Ralph spoke first, crimson in the face.
"Will you?"
He cleared his throat and went on.
"Will you light the fire?" (40)
Ralph is speaking to Jack.
This was when they were starting the fire for the first time.
They take on a big responsibility for survival.
"If I blow the conch and they don\'t come back; then we\'ve had it. We shan\'t keep the fire going. We\'ll be like animals. We\'ll never be rescued" (93).

Ralph is speaking.
Ralph mentions all three symbols of the novel, the conch, the fire, and being rescued.
The ideas represent civilization.
3. REASON TWO – CIVILIZATION COLLAPSES
The boys strive to maintain order, by the end of the novel order is lost once jack hold the cards.
"I just take the conch to say this. I can\'t see no more and I got to get my glasses back. Awful things has been done on this island. I voted for you for chief. He\'s the only one who ever got anything done. So now you speak, Ralph, and tell us what. Or else—"
Piggy broke off, sniveling. Ralph took back the conch as he sat down.
"Just an ordinary fire. You\'d think we could do that, wouldn\'t you? Just a smoke signal so we can be rescued. Are we savages or what?" (170)
Piggy is speaking to Ralph.
Jack had taken Piggy’s glasses.
Piggy holds the last of the groups civilization with the conch.
4. REASON THREE – CHAOS AND SAVAGERY
Chaos overpowers civilization.
"Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!" (152).
This was when the murder of Simon took place.
Everybody gets overpowered by the chant and mistaken Simon for the beast.
Ralph and Piggy feel regret the next day.
At this point in the novel all innocence has been lost.
In the end the man’s hidden savagery is shown.
5. CONCLUSION AND ANALYSIS
Throughout the book, it is shown that man is innately