From the moment we are born to the day we die, we are constantly learning. Some may think that learning is solely associated with school and or specific training regimens. Some people say they hate learning new things yet they know how to use all the latest technical devices. Even the defiant teenager who refuses to cooperate in class or participate in the discussion is learning. He or she is testing the instructor.
The differences between operant conditioning and observational learning are:-
Operant conditioning: is based on what happens after we voluntarily perform a behavior.
Observational Learning: is to learn new behavior by watching others.
Operant conditioning: At the work, one of your co-workers is having trouble with understanding the job. So, you voluntarily helped him/her out. That’s increases your reputation in the work place. After doing that you will get positive from your coworkers.
Observational learning: At the workplace, it is forbidden to do something that you’ve never done it before. That’s why, before you start working on something new, ask someone who knows about that job to show you how to do it. So, you can learn and will be able do it.
Prejudice is a learned, generally negative attitude directed toward specific people solely because of their membership in an identified group. Classical conditioning is involuntary responses and operant conditioning is voluntary but we are rewarded or punished for our behavior. You could be overhearing people talk bad about someone and automatically think those people are not the type you would want to be friends with since they are talking bad about someone. Or you can just hear rumors about someone and automatically not like that person. Operant conditioning refers to alteration of behavior by regulating the consequences following it. Reinforcement in is a kind of consequence or a procedure that specifically leads to an increase in frequency of the behavior immediately preceding it. When people gain acceptance from the individual’s reference group by discriminating towards another groups or individual, they would then be motivated to continue this discrimination due to the reinforcement following it. Although, empirical results often showed significant correlation between parents’ and child’s attitude, the correlations were typically low, especially after the child grow up. This suggests that learning theory can only explain part of the reason behind prejudice. Moreover, learning theorists suggested prejudice to be learned from others and therefore unable to explain how prejudice emerges from the very beginning.
In a world as fast changing and full of information as our own, every one of us — from schoolchildren to college students to working adults — needs to know how to learn well. Yet evidence suggests that most of us don’t use the learning techniques that science has proved most effective. Worse, research finds that learning strategies we do commonly employ, like rereading and highlighting, are among the least effective. Memory is the process in which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved. Encoding allows information that is from the outside world to reach our senses in the forms of chemical and physical stimuli. In this first stage we must change the information so that we may put the memory into the encoding process. Storage is the second memory stage or process. This entails that we maintain information over periods of time. Finally the third process is the retrieval of information that we have stored. We must locate it and return it to our consciousness. Some retrieval attempts may be effortless due to the type of information. In my case, I keep myself a diary, recording my daily life, what I did, what I learn and how I feel. I tend to force myself to do things so that it would be a normal thing to do for me. Like keeping a diary, I write it every day as if it is a need for me to keep it update. I used to keep a small notepad in my pocket during elementary and high school. This practice had helped me many times in reminding me what needs to be done every day.
Emotional Intelligence, also called EI and often measured as an Emotional Intelligence Quotient or EQ, describes an ability, capacity, or skill to perceive, assess, and manage the emotions of one's self, of others, and of groups. However, being a relatively new