L 20 - Presentation Skills ( 3 )
Top t ips for effective presentation s
Preparation
Cue cards
31991305778500 u se index cards
only keywords
number your cards
one theme per card
use colour coding
Rehearsal
at least twice
check timing
the most impo rtant part of the preparation

Beginning
Capture audience ' s interest by relating the subject to them and giving specific purposes .
520890520574000 Speak slowly at the beginning as nervousness speeds us up.
Begin your presentation in a cheerful way with a smile. In case you forget, write the word SMILE on your first cue card.

Language
Use everyday language, concrete words, and rhetorical qu estions
Avoid jargon, complex phrases, being too formal, and long sentences


Body language
Posture --- stand up straight, with feet slightly apart.
Gestures --- use of hands and facial expression can hold audience ' s attention.
Hands --- one palm holding the other hand is a relaxed, confident position
Eye contact -- imagine that you are a lighthouse, with its beam continually moving
46891285778500 round the whole audience
Avoid playing with pens or fiddling with hair

Task 1
Look at the following list of talking habits and rank them from most distracting (1) to least distracting (8). When you have finished, compare your view with the results of a survey of managers in the United States.
______ Foreign accent
______ Talking too softly
______ Poor grammar / mispronouncing words
______ High pitched voice
______ Talking too fast
______ Using erms , errs, ‘you knows'
______ Talking too loudly
______ Monotonous, boring voice

Voice
Project your voice and aim for the back
Emphasize the importance by saying some words louder or repeating them
Go faster to excite
Go slower to show importance
Pause often and look round audience
Give emphasis with voice and body

Task 2
To make a presentation interesting, you have to make your voice interesting. Read aloud the sentences below emphasizing the underlined words and think about the meanings of these sentences.
1. This course will help you become a much better presenter.
2. This course will help you become a much better presenter.
3. This course will help you become a much better presenter.
4. This course will help you become a much better presenter.
1.





2.
3.
4.

Ending
You should include a summary before drawing a conclusion.
You should try to relate your ending to the beginning. This wraps up the message neatly and effectively.
You should end your presentation with a quotation, anecdote, question or call for action.
You should memorise the ending so that you have maximum impact on the audience.
You should never rush through the ending as the audience remembers this part more than anything else.

Task 3
The extracts below are from the end of a presentation, but they are in the wrong order. Put them in a logical order.
If you have any more questions, I'd be happy to answer them.
Thank you for your time and interest.
So, to summarize, we've looked at four of the main areas where cross-cultural communication can be improved: language, time, space, and logical reasoning.
Before I let you go, I'd just like to leave you with one of my favourite quotations: " The peoples of the world are like islands shouting at each other over seas of misunderstanding. " Let's start building those bridges.
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__________ > __________ > __________ > __________

Answering questions
If you don't know the answer to something, say so - be honest. Any attempt at covering up will be immediately noticed by the audience and they will lose confidence in everything else you have said.
Task 4 - Match the situations to the responses.
Situations
A member of the audience… …
Responses

1. asks a very long and unclear question that you just can't understand. [ ]

That's not really the subject of my presentation today, but I'll be happy to talk to you about that after we're finished here.
2. starts by saying: ‘I have three questions…' [ ]
I'm sorry. I don't quite see what you mean. Could you rephrase your question?
3. asks a question that requires a very long and complicated answer. [ ]
Sorry