L 18 - Presentation Skills (1)
In academic culture, you need to express your views clearly on different issues relating to your subject area. These views are often based on a critical reading and evaluation of written texts. It is also important that you develop the language skills that will enable you to express your ideas most effectively.

Preparing and planning a presentation
There are a number of different situations in which you will need to communicate orally in English in your academic courses. The main situations are presentations, seminars and discussions. In some cases, you will give a short presentation about a topic in order to lead into a discussion. In other cases, you will present information or a summary of a text. In future situations, you may be giving a presentation based on your own work or research. Below is a list of suggestions you may find helpful.

Stage 1: Find out what you need to do
Make sure you know exactly what the topic is or, if you are choosing your own topic, what is expected of you.
Check how long you have for the presentation.
Think about your audience. How much are they likely to know about the topic? How much will you need to explain?
If the presentation is being assessed, make sure you know what the criteria are.

491241730416500 Stage 2: Brainstorm ideas
Task 1 - Arrange the following sentences in the correct order.
________ > ________ > ________ > ________
Explain your ideas to a friend - this will help you to clarify them.
Look at your list of ideas - what connections can you see between them? Are there particular ideas you could develop that would be of interest to your audience?
Decide which ideas to use. Can each one be summarized in one sentence? If not, perhaps your ideas are not dear and specific enough.
Make a list of anything you can think of related to your topic; you will not use all of these ideas, but will choose from them later.

Stage 3: Do any necessary research
Determine if there are any ideas about which you need to get more information.
Gather any evidence you need to support your ideas, e.g., statistics.
Think about how much information you can realistically convey to your audience.
Keep your audience in mind, especially in relation to their level of relevant expertise.

Stage 4: Organize your ideas
Decide which point you should begin with.
Think about how you can link one idea to the next.
Do not include too much information - you want your audience to understand your key points clearly.
Decide how you will begin and end your presentation. In the introduction you want to get the attention of the audience. The conclusion is the last part of your presentation, and probably what the audience will most remember.
Prepare your PowerPoint slides or other visual aids. Remember: ‘ less is more '.
Think of the key words you will use and check your pronunciation - there is nothing worse than listening to a presentation in which the presenter pronounces the title of the presentation incorrectly!

Task 2
You are going to watch a youtube video entitled " What is a good academic presentation? " by ELC, PolyU .
Take notes while you are watching and then complete the following blanks.

Academic presentations
What is the main difference between academic and secondary school presentations?
Academic presentations include r_______________, which means you need to cite r_______________.

Academic Style
In academic style, you need to show authority and to establish that what you are talking about is r_______________, c_______________ and v_______________.

Reference List
You should choose references that are r_______________ and that also s_______________ your arguments p_______________.

What are the two ways to cite your references?
provide the reference in the s_______________
cite it o_______________ / v_______________, e.g. as John Chan points out in his article in 2010…

A good structure enables the a_______________ to follow the c_______________ very c_______________.
Make sure each section of your presentation is o_______________ properly.

What is Signposting?
it is the outline at the beginning.
it gives direction to where the presentation is leading.
it is the use of