Is Depression a Serious Mental Illness?


12/13/12
ENG 102
Robert Haberstroh

Is Depression a Serious Mental Illness?

Depression is a condition of mental disturbance, typically with lack of energy and difficulty in maintaining concentration or interest in life. It is also a severe despondency and dejection, accompanied by feelings of hopelessness and inadequacy. Many people are affected in the world every day and will forever live with the illness. Most people have felt sad or depressed at times. Feeling depressed can be a normal reaction to loss, life's struggles, or an injured self-esteem. A key sign of depression is either depressed mood or loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed. For a diagnosis of depression, these signs should be present most of the day either daily or nearly daily for at least two weeks.
In addition, the depressive symptoms need to cause clinically significant distress or impairment. Some of the symptoms could be as stated: feelings of guilt, worthlessness, and/or helplessness, overeating or appetite loss, persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" feelings, difficulty concentrating, remembering details, and making decisions.
People with depression fail to realize that there is a physical cause to their depressed moods.



In the U.S., about 14.8 million adults suffer from major depression, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. The suicide risk in people with this type of depression is the highest rate for any psychiatric condition. For people between the ages of ten and twenty four, suicide is the third leading cause of death. Most people with depression never seek treatment. Left undiagnosed and untreated, depression can worsen, lasting for years and causing suffering, and possibly suicide.
There are steps that doctors go by to determine the type of the depression the patient may have. For example: Step 1) Determine the Subtype of Depression, Step 2) Determine Prior History of Treatment Response, Step 3) Determine Whether Medications Will be involved and so on. There is a forty eight hour process until lab results come back to determine what type of depression the person may be suffering. Some are curable and some are not.
Depression is a potentially life threating mood disorder that affects one in six person in the United States. Morbidity associated with depression is difficult to quantify, but the lethality of depression takes the measurable form of complete suicide. In addition to considerable pain and suffering that interfere with individual function, depression can affect those who care about a person. Sometimes it can destroy family relationships or work dynamics between the patient and others. Many are influenced by others who are depressed, sounds crazy but it is very true:
Over the years the experience with lithium in treating mild to severe maniac depressives and patients with simple recurrent depression has convinced doctors that it does not
effectively normalizes the maniac state. It means it prevents or damages many rows of depression. (Fieve 60)
The information is absorbed and little can be done to erase or modify the illness. People may not realize the conditions can be treated without any medications.
I recently read the book “Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment” and it briefly explained that major depression is similar in younger and older populations, depressive symptoms, often related to loss, disease, and life changes. However, depression in young people has the highest suicide rate of any demographic group. This may be an early symptom of nuerode generative condition such as dementia. To seek recovery, going to see a mental health professional will eventually put the person at ease.
There are a number of different types of depression including: Major depression, Chronic depression, Bipolar depression, Seasonal depression (SAD or seasonal affective disorder), Psychotic depression, Postpartum depression, and Substance-induced mood disorder (SIMD). Other types of depression that can occur include: Double depression, Secondary depression, Chronic Treatment-Resistant Depression, and Masked Depression. All of the following comes with symptoms like joint pain, back pain, headaches, cramps, sleep disturbances and appetite changes. The symptoms may also be accompanied by slowed speech and movements.
Many people go from doctor to doctor seeking treatment for their physical symptoms, when in fact, they are clinically depressed. Medications, psychotherapies, and other methods can effectively treat people with illness. Some go without treatment and begin to have suicidal thoughts, asking themselves questions like…Why should I live? It is very common in teens