Introduction to Leadership

1. (a)Theories and styles leadership
Trait theory
This theory recommends that effective leadership is a merger of skills that describes leadership actions and capabilities. The leadership of Coca Cola Company evaluates the workers’ psychological qualities emphasizing on unique abilities. The CEO of the company assesses the staff based on their actions and job structures. This theory recommends that the ownership of the abilities and traits such as tolerance to stress, persistence, desire to influence others, achievement oriented, ambition, fluent in speaking, and conceptually skilled employees confirms successful goal-orientated leaders in Coca-Cola Company and retaining such employees will be a great focus to the company.
Behavioral Theory
This theory states that leaders are always made and not born. Leadership abilities are learnt over time and they are not actually inborn qualities but they are successful behaviors of understandable and describable actions that are easier to learn than assuming different abilities.
The top leadership of Coca-Cola Company gives employees opportunities to study and create leadership skills monitoring the enhancement from time to time and also choosing employees who possess effective leadership traits. It is moderately easier to assess leaders and leadership traits when developing a behavioral theory in a company. The CEO identifies the behavior use which increases to failure which is added to the layer of understanding.
Participative Theory
This theory intends at creating an understanding to making decisions in different situations. The theory recommends that persons working in teams must be more cooperative and less competitive. Decision making based on team work is better and more committed than individual persons. Coca Cola Company uses this theory to emphasize on the growth of groups for more focused and supportive decision making rather than working individually. Leaders are carefully chosen based on abilities such as cooperation, commitment, collaboration, and motivation friendly behavior where different programs are prepared so that the team member can create and develop the leadership skills.
Leadership Styles
The general method of leadership used by the manager is called a management style. The Coca-Cola company motivation to its workers to meet their goals will be based on the management style they will adapt. It therefore uses the following styles of management but each one in different departments.
Democratic Style
This leadership style comprises of the leader, sharing the decision making capabilities with the team members by promoting their interests and by practicing social equality. This emphasizes on team agreements to create new ideas. The democratic management style of leadership is of two types namely; democratic and consultative democratic. Democratic style is where all leaders, junior members and workers are included in the final decision making process and creating of new ideas. All team members are equal in that no-one has higher level than the others. This management style has been adopted by the Coca Cola Company. Teams and individuals are given tasks and making decisions within a specified framework and they are liable for their actions if anything wrong occurs. Democratic managers listen and act on the views of the team and this will make the workers to be happy and highly productive.

Autocratic or Authoritarian style
This autocratic type of a leader maintains strictness, close control over the team members by maintaining close rules of the procedures and policies given to the workers. Leaders ensure to only generate a distinct professional relationship to keep main emphasis on the difference of the autocratic manager and their workers. There is no negotiation and is very prescriptive and there is little job satisfaction because the manager makes all the decisions. Nevertheless, the job is quickly done and there is less no conflict between different. At Coca Cola Company, autocratic style is used because workers are controlled by the leaders and follow their instructions.

Laissez-faire management style
This leadership style is defined as “hands off” because the manager divides tasks to their employees, while providing little or no direction to the employees. Managers and directors of the company take this style to run their businesses if the employees are meeting their key business indicators. Leaders have a vision to revive every worker each day and the values to take pride in their job, to be true, fair and determined to win and have a passion for their actions.

Consultative democratic
This style is where workers are allowed to make ideas by their leaders but the