International Business Culture

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Introduction
This report seeks to address international business culture and how it is affected by cultural differences. The scope of the cultures herein is global. There are four cultures represented in this context, namely, China’s, Hong Kong’s, Egypt’s and Iran’s culture. Individuals represent the cultures from the group who hail from the cultures. Cultural communication takes the center stage in this report.
Cultural communication norms differ in several ways across the mentioned Egyptian, Chinese, Hong Kong and Iran cultures. The areas with essential differences are gift giving, addressing individuals, etiquette, time keeping and meetings and greeting. The differences between Egyptian and Chinese cultures are, for instance, value and unveiling of the gift. The Egyptian culture requires one to be presented a valuable gift and open it as soon it is received (Dursins, 2013). Contrary to that the other cultures appreciate gifts even of the very simple kind and do not necessarily open them at the point they are received, they can even last for a day before opening. Relatively, the Chinese culture will have the person presented with a gift refuse it several times yet they still want it. The Iran culture is very similar to that of Egypt, when receiving a gift it is valued and accepted on the spot.
The respective business cultures of HK ,China, Egypt Iran will be compared as follows:













Part A: Table of comparisons
Honk Kong China Egypt Iran
Form of address • Formal introduction
• Full names
• Title in company • Formal
• Surname
• Younger individuals should be introduced to the elder. • Semi-formal(depending on the situation)
• Full name or first name
• Lower social class should be introduced to those of higher social class. • Surname used to introduced someone’s self
• Semi-formal
Meeting and greeting • Easy going
• Polite
• Formal • Formal
• Handshake and a nod
• Common greeting Is “Hi” • Casual
• Handshake followed by the words “allsalam Alaykom”
• A kiss on the cheek for family and friends • Semi-formal
• Three kisses on the cheek for friends and family
• Handshake for business
Exchanging gifts • Small gift after 1st meeting • Chinese find it normal to object a gift over severally before accepting
• Gifts are recommended for some sort of celebration and not for greetings. • All gifts are accepted
• Gifts are opened as soon as they are received • The usual gift is money
• When invited over at someone’s home, a gist such as food is well appreciated.
Etiquette • Handshakes
• Patting on the shoulders represents bad luck • Handshakes
Patting on the shoulders represents bad luck • Senior person is meant to stretch out the hand for the handshake.
• There are no gender issues
• No gender differences

Time keeping • Influenced by British is important to attach time
• Arrived several minutes earlier • People are time conscious and report to work earlier on time or even meetings • one can report to work late, minutes or an hour after but will compensate the time in their ways. • Leave things to do at the last minute.
Communication styles • Direct
• Fact-based and verbal communication methods to express theirs opinions • Men to be loud when talking or giving a speech
• When a Chinese elder provides an order to a junior member of the society or child, no argument should be returned • Requires one to moderate and have a neutral tone when giving a speech
• When a Chinese elder provides an order to a junior member of the society or child, no argument should be returned • Direct
• Face to face
• Always complimenting each other is a sign of respect.
Team Work • Individualism and masculinity
• Performance for group success stands for personal performance • Competition between group members.
• Not strong collaborating workers.
• Individualism.

Part B: Analysis of Key differences between Hong Kong .China ,Egypt, Iran.
 Differences in meeting and greeting between Egyptian ,China and Iran
Greetings too are sensitive and can have implications such as misguided perceptions about someone. The Chinese culture and Egyptian cultures do not allow kissing and hugging as evidenced with the Iran culture. It is viewed as displaying intimacy to the public and as such a misguided perception about someone. The distance between individuals when greeting each other is considerably not close among the Chinese and Egyptian. However the Iran are comfortable will closeness between individuals who are greeting each other as they would even hug (Hooker, 2008). Skewed perceptions are overly formed and affect how the public from the other cultures will view people from my culture. It can do to a point of discouraging interaction among the different parties involved.
 Differences in communication styles between Hong Kong and China.
On the whole, HK businesspeople rely heavily on direct, fact-based and verbal communication methods to express their opinions and