Immigration Problem in the U.S.

The first move stopping immigration decided by Congress was a
law in 1862 restricting American vessels to transport Chinese
immigrants to the U.S. The Alien Contract Labor Laws of 1885, 1887,
1888, and 1891 restricted the immigration to the U.S. of people
entering the country to work under contracts made before their
arrival. Alien skilled laborers, under these laws, were allowed to
enter the U.S. to work in new industries. By this time anti-immigrant
felling rose with the flood of immigrants and in this period the
anti-Catholic, anti-foreign political party the Know-Nothings, was
already born.

After World War I a marked increase in racism and the growth
of isolationist sentiment in the U.S. led to demands for further tight
legislation. In 1921 a congressional act provided for a quota system
for immigrants, which the number of aliens of any nationality admitted
to the U.S. in a year could not exceed 3 percent of the number of
foreign-born residents of that nationality living in the U.S. in 1910.
This law applied to nations of Europe, the Middle East, Africa,
Australia, New Zealand, Asian Russia, and certain islands in the
Atlantic and Pacific. In the 1980s concern about the surge of illegal
aliens into the U.S. has led Congress to pass legislation aimed at
cutting illegal immigration. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of
1986 allows most illegal aliens who have resided in the U.S. regularly
since January 1, 1982, to apply for legal status. Also, the law
prohibits employers from hiring illegal aliens and mandates penalties
for violations.

Debate over immigration and immigration policy is not new to
the nation's history. From time to time, Congress jarred legislation
to control the flow of immigration. As immigration rises and hatred
grows more laws will be implemented trying to release some of the
pressure. Illegal immigration has some pros and cons. I will discuss
the pros first and explain them briefly in order for you to get a
better underezding of the position. It offers cheaper labor to
businesses. By not paying minimum wages to the workers who are willing
to work for a lower price, this gives the business an edge over other
competitors. Provides culture diversity in the united states. Bringing
in immigrants gives more and different cultures to the U.S.. which can
expand businesses to other fields of the world. Also giving people a
more underezding of other cultures.

Lowers the cost of products produced in the U.S. that we buy.
If the businesses can produce products and services at a low price
keeping there overhead low, then we as a consumer will also pay a
lower price. Most illegals are skilled workers and helps run the
economy. Other countries economy is also being helped. The workers
bring money to their families out side of the U.S. which in most
cases the U.S. dollar has a higher value than their own.

Experts disagree saying the cons of this issue out way the
pros. Next I will discuss some cons and explain them briefly. Illegal
immigrants pay no tax. If they pay no taxes then how can we as a
country pay for public services we as well as they do. Sending money
out of our economy and sending it to their families abroad. If money
is taken out of our economy it causes a monetary problem. this can
cause an inaccurate account of money in circulation which might cause
inflation. Lower wages. If an illegal is willing to work for under the
minimum wage then the employer will not pay more for the job to any
other employ. In fact might higher only illegals and take away jobs
form legal residents who are willing to work.

When illegals come to this country they do not get tested for
diseases that might infect the population. Which can cause a health
problem. Such as polio, tuberculosis and other forms of diseases.
Illegals cost the states money, paying for education, health care, and
other social services. In an already under funded programs they give
these services a more heavy burden to deal with. Republicans have
reached agreement among themselves on legislation designed to combat
illegal immigration. But with their package facing delaying tactics
from Senate Democrats and a veto from the president, they finished the
week of Sept. 2 uncertain of their next move1 "Republicans need to
show we can govern,"2 said bill sponsor Lamar Smith,