GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO
Primary life
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was born on April 5, 1947, in San Juan in the Philippine province of Rizal.
She is the daughter of former Philippine president Diosdado Macapagal and his second wife, Evangelina (Macaraeg) Macapagal, the daughter of prominent parents who worked as a doctor until the outbreak of war in 1941.
Reportedly, Macapagal-Arroyo moved in with her grandmother because she was jealous of her younger brother, Diosdado Jr. After the age of 11, Macapagal-Arroyo commuted between her grandmother's home and her parents.

Education
Primary
Assumption Convent High School; 1954-1960
Secondary
Assumption Convent HS; 1960-1964; Valedictorian
Tertiary
Georgetown University, 1964-66,
AB Economics; Dean's Lister
Assumption College, 1968, AB Economics Magna cum Laude
Post Graduate
Ateneo de Manila University, 1978,
MA Economics
UP School of Economics, 1985,
Ph.D. in Economics

Political Career
Macapagal-Arroyo launched her political career in 1992 at the age of 35, when she successfully ran for the Philippine Senate. She entered government service as an Assistant Secretary of the Department of Trade and Industry during the Aquino Administration.
She was re-elected Senator in 1995 with nearly 16 million votes, the highest number of votes in Philippine history. She also became Executive Director of the Garments and Textile Export Board, steering the garments industry to become the top net dollar earner for the country, and rose to the rank of Undersecretary of Trade and Industry.
During her term in the Senate, she authored 55 laws on economic and social reform and was named outstanding Senator several times.
She was elected Vice President of the Philippines in 1998 with almost 13 million votes, the largest mandate in the history of presidential or vice presidential elections.
When she was elected Vice President, President Joseph Estrada appointed her as simultaneous Secretary of Social Welfare and Development, a post she held until her resignation from the Cabinet on 12 October 2000.
She was sworn in as the 14th President of the Philippines on 20 January 2001 by Chief Justice Hilario Davide Jr. after the Supreme Court unanimously declared the position of President vacant, the second woman to be swept into the Presidency by a peaceful People Power revolution (EDSA II), after Estrada's ousting from presidency.

Presidency Highlights

LAWS AND POLICIES
• RA 7844, The Export Development Act
• RA 7718, The Amended Build-Operate-Transfer Law
• RA 7843, Strengthening the Anti-Dumping Provisions
• RA 8179, Further liberalizing Foreign Investments
• RA 7721, Liberalizing banking in the Philippines
• RA 7651, Revitalizing and strengthening the Bureau of Customs
• RA 7916, Creating the Philippine Economic Zone Authority
• RA 7640, Constituting the Legislative-Executive Development Council
• RA 1490, Investment Houses Act (Passed on third reading)
• RA 7661, Extending the Life of the Asset Privatization Trust
• RA 7903, Creating the Zamboanga Special Economic Zone
• SBN 345, Promoting the Development of Interisland Shipping
• SBN 358, Development of Micro and Cottage Industries
• RA 7882, Providing assistance to women engaging in micro and cottage business enterprises
• Women's desk to provide assistance to battered wives and other victims of domestic violence
• RA 7877, Declaring sexual harassment unlawful in the employment, education or training environment and for other purposes
• SBN 356, Increasing penalties for wife-beating
• SBN 362, Mandatory employment of women
• Establishment of the Movement Against Sexual Abuse (MASA)
• OCW desk to provide assistance to OCWs and their families
• RA 7833, Excluding the 13th Month Pay and Other Benefits from the Computation of Taxable Income
• RA 7654, Allocating a Portion of the Incremental Revenue Collected for the Emergency Employment Program
• RA 7637, Creating the Mt. Pinatubo Assistance, Resettlement and Development Commission
• RA 7657, Appropriating 10 Billion Pesos for the victims of Mt. Pinatubo Eruption
• RA 7906, Regulation of the Organization and Operations of Thrift Banks
• RA 8182, Excluding the Official Development Assistance (ODA) from Foreign Debt Limit in order to facilitate the absorption and optimize the utilization of ODA resources
• RA 7820, Creating the Partido Development Administration in Bicol region
• SBN 1176, Establishing Computer Literacy Program in all public schools at the secondary level
• SBN 1175, Instituting a Public School Teachers Scholarship Program
• SBN 1728, Ancestral Domain Bill
• SBN 1044, Institutionalizing a National