Foreign Policy

With the world balancing on the edge of destruction, foreign relationships are
extremely important to the United States of America. The United States is fully
recognized as the most powerful nation on the planet earth, and with that power comes a
definitive sense of responsibility. The U.S. needs to pay close attention to this
responsibility if it hopes to keep its place on the throne as king of the nations. This is
where the United States foreign policy comes into play. Foreign policy is essentially
positive or negative interaction with other nations as well as the goals and principles that
are included (Morrison #1 607). The United States have a couple of choices concerning
their position; they could play the part of world leader or the part of world loner. Let?s
look at the viewpoint of an average college student whose knowledge of world affairs is
somewhat lacking and then discuss the possible positions the United States can take in
regards to their place in the world. I will also go over an example of each and get a grasp
of what our government?s two political parties, the Democrats and the Republicans, say
about these.

The main purpose of every countries foreign policy is to survive and stay stable in
todays world (Morrison #2 434). It is policy that provides a strong national security,
keeps a good economy with other nations, and it is a chance to provide influence in the
world; but above all this is the want for international peace (434). One of the main ways
to conduct good foreign policy is that of diplomacy, where nations negotiate and
compromise problems they might have in order to get along (434). By these diplomatic
relations, countries can interact with one another and learn to work together for a better
understanding of each others nations. Another method of foreign policy is that of being a
loner or isolationist. Isolationism is the idea that we keep to ourselves and our own
western hemisphere rather than venture into the affairs of the eastern world (Morrison #1
611). This was basically the accepted perspective taken by the United States up until
about the first world war when President Woodrow Wilson decided to plunge into the war
effort. Then a peacekeeping association came about called the League of Nations, which
Wilson helped propose, but the United States Senate gave it a firm ?no? (608). This kept
the United States in its loner state once again.

Some years later the United States entered a period of awakening concerning
getting out and about in the world. We journeyed into a time of Internationalism after the
second world war but it was many earlier events that led up to this, particularly our
interaction with Latin America. Back when the United States was just breaking away
from Britain and starting as a nation, President James Monroe came up with a declaration
called the Monroe Doctrine. In 1823 he wrote this, telling European nations to keep
their noses in their own hemisphere (609). What Monroe didn?t know was that he was
establishing a beginning to a leadership responsibility in not only the western hemisphere,
but in the entire world. The United States began sticking up for nations such as Mexico
and Puerto Rico, and soon got involved in various other Latin American countries. In
fact, the United States got involved eight times from 1904 to 1934, then again in the
affairs of Guatemala, the Dominican Republic, and the destruction of the leftist
government of Brazil after the second world war (612). It was during the beginning of
World War II that the United States began to get more involved. At first the United
States tried to keep to itself and stay out of the fighting. But when Germany, Japan, and
Italy tried to expand by force into China, Ethiopia, Poland, Austria, and present day Czech
Republic, Britain and France declared war on Hitler, and the United States did nothing
(611-612). It wasn?t until that fateful day of December 7 in 1941 when the United States
had had enough. Pearl Harbor was attacked and Americans died, which was more than
enough for us to start our trek into Internationalism and intervention. After World War
II, the United States began its journey as world leader. It was now time for America to
help other nations rebuild and start its hate of Communism. George Marshall, an Army
General for the United States came up with the Marshall Plan, one that would provide
extensive help for other nations in Europe by providing loans for economic recovery.
Later America plunged itself into a war with North Korea to protect its neighboring South
Korea, this was possible