HIST 131-007
Dr. Adeyinka Banwo
Factors led to American Revolution
The connection between Britain and the English colonies was that of the ruling of the colonies by the king of Britain, King George III and his parliament. The king’s ruling was very unfavorable for the colonists because of his tyrannical dictatorship and unjustly taxations. The thought of an island ruling an entire continent thousands of miles away with poor communication and lack of supervision of the colonies by the king, did not work in favor of the colonies nor for Britain. Three contributing factors for the outbreak of the American Revolution were the king’s taxes and neglect of the 13 colonies. King George III and his decisions were one of the major causes that had the English colonists fumed with anger towards Britain and this eventually led to the American Revolution.
King George’s Taxes
The first reason of the American Revolution was the colonist’s outrage over taxation which led to a tax revolt launched by people who were tired of the burden of paying unfair taxes. In 1754, the British fought the French for the final of four wars which were the French and Indian War. It was a fight to see who would rule in North America, and it was won by the British. Despite their victory, the British were deep into debt, and they taxed the colonies to raise their budget. In 1765, the Quartering Act and the Stamp Tax brought uproar from the colonists. The Quartering Act forced the colonists to house and feed British Soldiers with no additional money given to them. Many of the colonists didn't have the money to feed the soldiers, so it caused them to go into debt which affected the financial side of the communities because they were so poor.
After the Quartering Act, the British brought on the Stamp Tax that was the first direct tax on the colonists. A group known as the Sons of Liberty was formed and they led a boycott against the British taxing claiming that there should be "no taxation without representation". The tax changed the economics of the colonies, causing them to lose money rapidly, but the boycott came back in retaliation against the British. Because the British were no longer getting money from the colonists to pay off their debt, their finances were suffering, triggering the repeal of the tax.
In 1767, British Parliament passed Townsend Acts on the colonist’s tea, paper, paint, lead, glass, and many other items that were used daily and the colonists were against this taxing. The purpose of the Townsend Acts was to help pay the cost of government in America. The problem for many American colonists was that the colonies were not consulted about the new taxes, as they had no representation in Parliament. The colonists did not have any voting rights to the taxes, so to avoid pay the taxes, the colonists boycotted British goods, and the event led to the Boston Tea Party and other boycotts.
Neglect of the 13 Colonies and First Continental Congress
The next reason of the American Revolution was the neglect of the 13 colonies from the Britain King George. King George took away their rights to self-government in America and the colonists were treated unfairly in comparison to the British people. Because of the king’s refusal to abide by the laws, it made it easier for the colonists to rebel against the king and the Parliament. The colonists were not offered the same rights and privileges as the English citizens in Britain. The English citizens from Britain were offered appropriate taxation, benefits of trial by jury, control over private homes as in where a soldier could not barge in to sleep and much more.
The pamphleteer and journalist Thomas Paine published his pamphlet “Common Sense” that became a success in large part. It acknowledged the constitutional context of the dispute between Britain and the colonies, crushed that perspective because as long as Americans remained within it, it would imprison them and prevent them from taking the independence. Therefore, Paine destroyed the importance of the British constitutional system as a guarantor of liberty and as consistent with reason and human needs. Addition, he transformed the argument from being the sole province of those politicians learned in the law,