Have you ever changed a strongly held attitude? What caused the change for you?

During high school days, I was so bad and hated essay writing. I am good at mathematics but totally dislike any subjects that require writing pages upon pages. I believe since my major in college was going to be engineering, I do not have to focus on English that much. My grades were nothing to be proud about, since I never paid attention to my teachers when I was being thought. I later learnt about essay during my final year in high school when I went to another school since my military parents were moved everywhere. Through constant and relentless encouragement, I changed my attitude and came to realize that even if I do not become an engineer, essays is needed to build my skills especially that of communication.

Do you believe that you are free of prejudice? After reading this chapter, which of the many factors that cause prejudice do you think is most important to change?
Prejudice is an opinion that is often formed without any knowledge of the situation. Most people are prejudice because they are afraid, scared, and ignorant. People can be prejudice to peoples culture, religion, holiday celebration, accents and many more and this is because they do not know about the culture, they tend to form their own opinion. It is important to change the prejudice against peoples culture, if a person has a different culture than me, I will rather learn, than forming a wrong impression about them.

How do Milgram's results?particularly the finding that the remoteness of the victim affected obedience?relate to some aspects of modern warfare?
I believe there is a willingness to fight other nation, as long as it is safer for the citizens of our own country. As long as we do not suffer from the consequences. We do not even have to send in our military soldiers, all we need to do is by pushing one button to send a missile down to the enemies? territory. All this is just to be sure a life that does not need to be killed are safe.

What are some of the similarities between Zimbardo's prison study and the abuses at the Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq?

The main difference of these two is that the Ghraib?s guard does not want any lengthy interaction with the prisoners while the Zimbardo?s wanted to increase the relationship and communication time with the prisoners. The zimbardo?s initially take roll call not spending more than ten minutes, but it?s been increased to about an hour because the staff chit chat with the prisoners.

Have you ever done something in a group that you would not have done if you were alone? What happened? How did you feel? What have you learned from this chapter that might help you avoid this behavior in the future?

During my teenage years, I went out with seven of my friends and a man was harassing one of us, not in a bad way, he was just making passes at one of us and someone in the group got mad. We pushed him and beat him till he begged and swore never to harass us again. I would not have done this alone, I would have replied him politely that I am not interested. The lesson is that we should either go out alone and know your best friends with morals than associating yourself with the popular kids in school because we were reported and suspended for month.

Can you think of situations when the egoistic model of altruism seems most likely correct? What about the empathy-altruism hypothesis?

The empathy altruism hypothesis claims that empathy or emotion felt for other people by showing compassion and interest produces an altruistic act with the main goal of other peoples welfare. The motivation behind altruistic act is within human range. Empathic concern does not feel sorry for itself; it can feel empathy for other people, as long as their welfare is valued.
Empathy seems like an automatic response to other peoples issue.