Colin S. Innes
English 1A (083)


Definition of Communism

Many people might consider Communism as the root of all evil and perhaps the worst system of government. Countries like the United States have spent countless amount of time, effort and money to stop the spread and influence of Communism on the home soil and around the world. Despite freedom being mostly associated with democracy, the abuse of democracy rights could also lead to disastrous events. The most infamous event in the history of the United States in the 20th century was the McCarthyism which is also known as the “Red Scare”. The event can be considered as the 20th century witch hunt. The whole story happened when Joseph McCarthy was senator for the Republican party. Joseph Mccarthy accused thousands of Americans of being Communists. During the period of mid-20th century, communism is portrayed as the evil enemy of Americans. Many innocent American people were charged guilty and alienated from their community and some were even put into jails. Many famous Hollywood actors were also put into the “Hollywood blacklist”, which means they would not be able to go back to Hollywood anymore, despite the horrible fact that many assertions were pure speculations. America’s obsession with liberty and democracy ironically restricted individual freedom as much or more so than Communism in many other countries. However, there are many scenarios where Communism has largely benefited people on the other side of the world. The successful revolution of China can be a perfect example of how Communism can bring wealth and strength to the nation. Advocates of democracy might argue that the economic failure of both Cuba and Cambodia have been the result of blindly following the Communist system. The fact is, neither of the two countries have followed the true definition of Communism. Both countries leaders, Khmer Rouge and Raúl Castro revolutionized their system to Authoritarianism. The importance of the Communist system should not always be viewed as a negative impact, but as the alternative way to benefit other countries.
Communism is a theory originated by a German Philosopher, Karl Marx. His idea is that everyone in the society receives equal amount of shares of the benefits by freeing all lower class of the society from poverty and shortening the gap between low and middle class people. This idea is implemented to help lower-class people to have the opportunity to rise up and have the same amount of profits as that of middle class people. Many Superpowers in the world such as the People’s Republic of China and Russia are all based on the Communist system. Without the rule under Communism, both countries would probably be in total chaos. If people in the country had to provide food and shelter for themselves, many problems would appear such as poverty, starvation and diseases. The country survives through the help of government and is rising up dramatically both in terms of economy and people’s standard of living. Three aspects of Communism are what makes Communism different from other systems. Common ownership of property- replace private property and a profit-based economy with public ownership. Same social rank-which makes everyone in the society receive equal shares of the benefits. This also benefits the lower-class people to make more money and close the gap between the wealthy and the poor. Ownership of land by the government- all means of productions are controlled by the state.
Common ownership of property is the single most important aspect of Communism. It means that all organizations,enterprises or communities are held indivisibly rather than individual members in the country. This aspect of Communism has created many more job opportunities for citizens in the country as well as stability for the nation itself. Because many developing countries such as China, Cuba and Vietnam do not have stable economies, by adopting the idea of Common ownership of property, it could dramatically decrease the risk of economic depression basically for three reasons. First, many people in the country usually do not have sufficient funds to open up their own businesses and many people could not purchase enough goods to meet the standard consumptions for their businesses. Thus, they are most likely to encounter hardships in the future. However, common ownership of property could lower the risk of starting a