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School (please tick one) Business School  Law School
Programme BSc Business Management
Examination Portfolio Management
Date 01/05/2015
Name Qadeer Niazi
I am not aware of any medical or other extenuating circumstances that would impair my performance in this examination Signature
Q.Niazi
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Table of Contents
Q2. 3
Q.3 4
3b. M&S October Long Call 4
M&S October Long Put 4
References 5
THIS IS MONEY 5
CRINAGE, S. 5
FINANCIAL TIMES 5
WEALTHADVISER.CO 5


Q2.
As the elections are getting close, in the preliminary voting period, it can be said that most of the ambiguity will cause an affect in the foreign exchange market and of course the Sterling, as the clock ticks the value is said to be the most subtle tool for quantifying investors’ sentiment.
Speaking of the reactions of bond markets and equity, it could be said that it’s unresponsive. Guy Ellison, head of UK equity research at Investec Wealth & Investment, says: “Clearly the outcome of the election is uncertain, and markets don’t like uncertainty.”
The bond investors value certainty, but there are high chances for them being disappointed due to the results. There will be improbability about the configuration of the potential referendums and the government, which may tend to cause an increase in the term premium causing a result of rise in the gilt yields.
The elections could also cause instability in the interest rates. If for instance the interest rate tends to rise, the prices of bond would subsequently fall causing a simultaneous effect on the GDP, which would lead to a fall in all equity prices.
In addition to that, it is expected that there may be a result of fall in new investments due to the instability which could bring pauses in investment plans and cause companies to delay financial investment strategies. Investors will tend to pull back and show lack of interest causing and effect to the stock prices that simultaneously cause uncertainty in the stock market.
The Equity market is determined on global developments similar to the bonds, exclusively as a few three quarter of the FTSE 1100 earnings and revenues are spawned from overseas
In order to confront such scenarios or at least play safe, a few strategies need to be revised by the investment team/investment managers.
The investment managers should broaden the investment in bond markets as is it can be considered as a good option, the managers are recommended to diversify the investment of customers as much as possible. The managers should invest in markets or sectors with a correlation between -1 up to about 0, which shall minimise the risk of making a loss. 
Q.3
Explain the difference to an investor between holding a long European Call and holding a short European Put position on a company’s shares.

In a long European call one get the options to purchase shares at the fixed strike on a certain date, however, in the short put option the investor is obliged to buy the share at the fixed rate in the future. The short put is relatively a better option as it gives a higher premium compared to the long call holding.

3b. M&S October Long Call
Values



Strike price 440 equilibrium

430 share

10





If the investor buys M&S long call option, the likely chances of making a loss would be of £0.10 per share which is the premium free of purchasing the long call.

M&S October Long Put
Value


425.7 strike price
Share

10
Equilibrium
For the M&S long put share options the investor will be expecting the price of the underlying security will go considerably below the strike price before the expiry date.

References

THIS IS MONEY
Should investors worry about the election outcome?
In-text: (This is Money, 2015)
Bibliography: This is Money, (2015). Should investors worry about the election outcome?. [online] Available at: http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/investing/article-3057669/Should-investors-worry-election-outcome.html [Accessed 30 April 2015].

CRINAGE, S.
Investment, uncertainty and the 2015 UK General Election [for use with your clients]
In-text: (Crinage, 2015)
Bibliography: Crinage, S. (2015). Investment, uncertainty and the 2015 UK General Election [for use with your clients]. [online] Commentary & analysis. Available at: http://insights.jpmorgan.co.uk/adviser/commentary-and-analysis/investment-uncertainty-and-the-2015-uk-general-election/ [Accessed 30 April 2015].

FINANCIAL TIMES
UK election risk hovers on horizon for markets - FT.com
In-text: (Financial Times, 2015)
Bibliography: Financial Times, (2015). UK election risk hovers on horizon for markets - FT.com. [online] Available