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" Children needs Discipline but not hitting" (Walker, n.d,). In this quo te, Walker expresses the idea that e ffective discipline can help children learn how to control their behavior so that they act responsibly to attest to what is wrong and right. This happens not because they are afraid of punishment, but because they are truthful because they think it is a wrong thing to lie. Discipline can also be called corporal punishment which is further define as a punishment meant to cause pain on a person or an intentional infliction of physical pain for a perceived misbeh avior for example spanking. Pinching, sl apping and hitting with objects (Block, 2004) . While corporal punishment is easy to define, it is less easy to justify as the best strategy for disciplining children. It is usually imposed in settings with a significant inequality of power between the people who participate in it.
The opposition claims tha t spanking is not good for kids because of its detrimental effects on children. t his claim is supported with the following reasons: It leads to aggression, it affects parent's child relationship, it has its psychological effect, it causes anti- social behavior, lower cognitive abilities, and an increase risk of being abused by their parents.
The more children are spanked, the more aggressive and antisocial they were. Children who were spanked are more likely to have mental health problem, problematic relationship with other parents and lower cognitive ability (Kaylor, 2016). Although many people believe that corporal punishment is the most effective form of discipline, in contrast, the use of corporal punishment as means of discipline will result in behavioral disorders as illustrated by: factors that include aggression, antisocial behavior, physical injury, and mental health problems for children.
Histo rically, it has been reviewed that corporal punishment may lead to adverse child effect (Gershoff, & Kaylor tr , 2002). The review showed that spanking was associated with 13 of the 17 outcomes examined , and all showed spanking was linked with several negative developing results for children who had tested corporal punishment including distraction, anti-social behavior, poor academic accomplishment, poor affection, and lack of parent- child warmth and mental health for example hopelessness, depression and others including substances and alcohol abuse. During the nineteenth century, it was argued that corporal punishment should not be used for academic errors and suggested that learning occurred best with encouragement and kindness (Fellenberg, n.d.). for example, during my high school days, I was afraid of my chemistry teacher which lead to my inability to achieve success in that subjec t all because of spanking given to me by the teacher. This is one of the evidence why Disciplinary spanking should be banned, there is no justification for spanking, Corporal punishme nt is ineffective in long term. Spanking is bad for kids and should not be practiced in any form to correct a child's behavioral problem.
Supporting Points/ Proof s
Factors that leads to Aggression
In as much as many people believe that corporal punishment is the most effective form of discipline, but in the other hand, the evidence shows that spanking is not an effective form of discipline because it is psychologically harmful to children. Although spanking can lead to immediate behavior modification, it does result in consequences that exceed more than the benefit s. F or example, spanking a child can cause aggression.
Aggression is stimulated by external source, the stimuli being frustration (Dugan,2004 ). A state whereby the child will show violent behavior towards others or readiness to attack or confront. The child displays this behavior because he believes that every conflict is resolved with violence based on his experience. spanking can lead to immediate behavior modification, but the practice loses its effect overtime . child ren should not be spanked all the time to achieve positive result and to avoid behavioral disorder. (Pies,2016). Aggression can be associate d with verbal or physical abuse, therefore spanking should be banned in all settings, including homes.
Factors that lead to Anti- Social Behavior
Although, the opposition believes in corporal punishment, in contrast , spanking can lead to anti-social behavior which can be as a factor
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