Community Teaching Experience Paper
kirubavathy ramamoorthy
Community health nursing
Denise Guerrier
July 17, 2016

Community Teaching Experience Paper
Summary of Teaching Plan
The topic for community teaching chosen by the writer of this article is on environmental/bioterrorism and environmental issues, as the narrator finds both these subjects to be inter related on various factors. Education as we all know is a lifelong process. And as nurses educating people plays an important role in the nation's health. Educating the general public in every setting whether it is a school, community, college, work sites, health care facilities, and homes is an integral part of the nursing function. Health education imparts a positive behavior change along with lifestyle changes. This topic was chosen with the intention to educate the general public the importance of a planned strategy in the wake of a natural or man-made disaster event.
Epidemiology Rationale for Topic
With the recent increase of sporadic events around the world, study of the underlying causes of the disaster has gained significant importance which can be defined as disaster epidemiology. Once a disaster occurs, epidemiologic methods are used to investigate the mechanisms which can be used for minimizing the burden of the disaster. The one common characteristic of every disaster event is its severity. Some of the most commonly experienced disasters are the ones related to weather events like floods, cyclones, tornadoes, all of these which occur regularly.
Disasters whether natural or man-made are commonly categorized by their origin. For example, earthquakes can lead to tsunami like events, massive accumulation of snow creates avalanches. Industrial events have also been categorized as disasters. Examples of those would include the Bhopal Gas tragedy of 1981(NY Times, 1985) and the Chernobyl nuclear accident.
In case of bioterrorism, a genetically engineered organism resistant to all known vaccines and drugs is named the biological agent. It is contagious, deadly, and able to harm a substantial amount of people. Since the 2001 Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) mailing attacks in the United States, none other have been reported(CDC,2012).
Terrorism, whether homegrown or international continues to pose challenges to administrative leaders as well as healthcare professionals. Nursing plays an important role while responding to the immediate and long-term requirements of populations affected by disaster. The importance of an initial disaster management plan to treat casualties is revealed based on the research study on the 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai, India. It was noted that the earliest and blast trauma victims were received in a primary zone before sending them to different stations for treatment. The establishment of an on-site triage once it was considered safe, proved to be a success in the optimal treatment of bullet and blast injuries (Bhanderwar et al,2011). In terms of post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD) studies suggest that early and brief interventions on the site was found to be beneficial. The study among victims of the World Trade Center disaster(WTCD) also suggests that informal support from families, friends, and spiritual communities also proved beneficial (Boscarino & Adams,2008).
According to the database of The Center for Research in the Epidemiology of Disasters(CRED)Brussels, approximately 136,000 deaths are reported each year from disasters, including 71,000 injuries. The annual expenditure incurred with disaster exceeds 136,000 million US dollars. A database of disaster events from 1990 to the present has been maintained by the agency (Department of Epidemiology, n. d).
Role of Epidemiology in Disaster
Identifying major health issues has been one of the foremost tasks of Epidemiology in disaster times. Other major functions include determining the extent to which the disease is spread, identifying the risk factors, causative organisms, prioritization of health interventions and studying the impact of health programs(IFRC). Based on the epidemiologic findings better relief programs can be developed and implemented (Department of Epidemiology, n. d).
Evaluation of Teaching Experience
Written or oral testing, observation, demonstration of skills and self-monitoring can be implemented to evaluate the teaching experience in all domains. As a healthcare professional, the writer of this article was able to incorporate techniques like verbal and non -verbal in the teaching plan that could be obtained as feedback on how the teaching was performed. Audience response to question and answer sessions was encouraging. Verbal feedback during, before, and end of the session was obtained from the group, most of which came