This essay Close Reading for Audience and Purpose has a total of 543 words and 6 pages.
Close Reading for Audience and Purpose
Audience: defined as the group of listeners or readers for whom a text or message is intended
Purpose: describes the writer's intentions in writing a text, be they to entertain, enlighten, persuade, inform, evaluate, define, instruct, explain—or even deceive. Writer's and speakers want to instigate a response from their audience.
Context of Interpretation: refers to the factors that can influence a reader of a text, such as time, place, or personal experience.
Context of composition: refers to the factors that influence a writer when creating a text, such as time, place, and personal experience.
In order to study the relationship between a text and the context in which it was written, you need to know and understand the concept of audience.
Like eavesdropping on a conversation, when analyzing texts for the course you need to "fill in the gaps" and look for what is implied.
Texts are neither written nor read in a vacuum. Time and place can influence how and why a text is written and how it is interpreted.
In the course you will examine texts where you will feel a distance between yourself and the intended audience (think of picking up a magazine that targets people with completely different interests that your own)
When considering audience, think of the following questions: Who was the text written for? How are you part of or different from the target audience?
Writers want to create a response in their intended audience. Therefore, every text has a purpose.
To determine purpose, ask yourself the following: What is the writer's intention? Why did the writer write the text?
CONTEXT OF INTERPRETATION
Readers are often influenced by the contexts in which they read. They are affected by their particular circumstances and environment, as well as their personal history.
This is known as the context of interpretation
The context of interpretation is why you may interpret a text differently from someone else or why you may interpret it differently that the author intended.
CONTEXT OF COMPOSITION
Writers, just like everyone, are affected by their environment and their personal experiences.
Time, race, gender, nationality and family history are a few factors that influence writers.
Factors such as these are called the context of composition.
As you read you need to be a detective looking for pieces of evidence that reflect the context of composition.
These pieces of evidence are called contextual clues.
The figure below shows the relationship between the context of composition, the target audience, and the context of interpretation
CONTEXT OF COMPOSITION
Time and Place020000
Time and Place
Aim of Communication: aka Purpose020000
Aim of Communication: aka Purpose
Time and Place of Target Audience020000
Time and Place of Target Audience344606-20471600