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Functioning of City Planning
City Planning Department
Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
Gujarat is one of the most developed state in India. The state is capable with vast
reserves of mineral and characterized by high industrialization. It features high rate of GDP
growth and contributes almost 20% to India’s overall industrial output. Power, construction
and trade contribute a major share to the prosperity of the state.
Gujarat, with its mission to make itself a vibrant place to live and work, has been
implementing several structural reforms in the recent past. With its growing
industrialization, presently, the state is all set to achieve an exponential growth curve. To
facilitate such economic growth, increasing needs of the people for better quality of life and
to cater the growing trade through the hinterland, the state has also drawn an infrastructure
road map and intends to develop a world class infrastructure to sustain the rapid pace of
economic growth. Gujarat has experienced a rapid rate of urbanization in last four decades.
Ahmedabad is the largest city in Gujarat in terms of population as well as in area.
Ahmedabad is also the seventh largest metropolitan area and third fastest growing cities of
India. Looking at its growth rate and rapid expansion, there is an urgent need to reconsider
and redirect the development and growth patterns in the next decade. Ahmedabad, since
its foundation has been a critical political and economic center of Gujarat and western
India. During 16th century to 18th century Ahmedabad was the major hub of trade and
commerce. Under the British rule, it became home to numerous textile mills, being known
as “Manchester of the East”.
Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC)
Ahmedabad Municipality was established as Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation in
July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Municipal Corporation Act (BPMC) The AMC
area was divided into 43 wards and 5 zones, namely Central, North, South, East, and West
covering an area of 190 sq. km prior to year 2008. Spatial distribution of the population
within the city over the decades shows that up to 1981 most of the new population added to
the city was concentrated within the old AMC limits itself, especially in the Eastern part.
Expansion of the peripheral areas began in the 1980s and has continued since then
earlier only the Eastern parts and particularly the Eastern periphery registered faster growth
rate, but since 1980s even the Western periphery has grown rapidly. In the year 2008,
around 180.01 sq. km area had been added on the Western side of the city and 79.66 Sq.
km area had been added on the Eastern side of the city, which made the total area of the
city to 450(466)Sq. km. This 450(466) sq. km area of AMC is consist of 6 zones i.e. 64
Map - Ahmedabad Municipal Boundary with zone boundary
Past Planning Efforts
The Bombay Town Planning Act, 1915 mainly provided for the preparation of Town
Planning Schemes (TPS) for areas in course of development within the jurisdiction of local
authority. Under this act 11 TPS have been prepared amongst which the 1st TPS was the
Jamalpur scheme in1920. Due to the rapid industrial growth coupled with increasing level
of urbanization during mid-century, the need for an integrated urban development was felt.
The need to have a planned development within the whole of municipal limits lead to the
enactment of the Bombay Town Planning Act, 1954. This act came into force from 1st April
1957. The concept of preparation of Development Plan (DP) within the limits of the Local
Body was introduced for the first time in the 1954 Act as the main planning instrument,
retaining the TPS for implementation of the DP. Under this act 20 TPS were prepared; also
the first Development Plan was prepared in the year 1965 for the Municipal limits of
The State of Gujarat as it exists today was formed on1st May 1960. It was realized
that the preparation of DP for areas confined within the Municipal boundary would not meet
the challenges of urban development since the urban growth knows no boundaries. It was
felt that if planning activities are undertaken in a more rational and scientific basis with
reference to development of areas which are not necessarily restricted to the areas within
the jurisdiction of local authorities, it will be possible to create better conditions. It was,
therefore, considered necessary to replace the aforesaid Act by a more comprehensive
legislation. Thus a more comprehensive planning legislation was enacted titled as “The
Gujarat Town Planning and Urban Development Act, 1976” which came into force from1st
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Ahmedabad, Urban planner, Gujarat, Vadodara Urban Development Authority
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