This essay Chicago Race Riot 1919 has a total of 1020 words and 6 pages.
Dr. Edmund F. Wehrle
Chicago Race Riot 1919
On July 27, 1919, a young black man named Eugene Williams swam past an invisible line of segregation at a popular public beach on Lake Michigan, Chicago. He was stoned by several white bystanders, knocked unconscious and drowned, and his death set off one of the bloodiest riots in Chicago’s history. The Chicago race riot was not the result of the incident alone. Several factors, including the economic, social and political differences between blacks and whites, the post-war atmosphere and the thinking of race relations in 1919, combined to make Chicago a prime target for this event. Although the riot was a catalyst for several short-term solutions to the racial tensions, it did little to improve race relations in the long run. It was many years before the nation truly addressed the underlying conflicts that sparked the riot of 1919.
There is some history that explains why the incident on that Chicago beach escalated to the point where 23 blacks and 15 whites were killed, 500 more were injured and 1,000 blacks were left homeless. When the local police were summoned to the scene, they refused to arrest the white man identified as the one who instigated the attack. It was generally acknowledged that the state should “look the other way” as long as private violence stayed at a low level. This police indifference, viewed by most blacks as racial bias, played a major role in enraging the black population. In the wake of the Chicago riot, several efforts were made to strengthen Chicago’s police power to effectively suppress future riots, make police power more neutral between the races, and allow the Federal government to acquire police powers by way of an anti-lynching law. The aim was to bring a more powerful and neutral force into local situations, but the effect was to concentrate the emphasis on maintaining law and order rather than correcting the conditions that caused the riot. Many Americans felt it was more important to ensure that violence on the scale of the Chicago riot never recur rather than deal with the root causes of racial conflict.
The violence of the 1919 riot shocked and divided many Americans. There were those who believed it was necessary to eliminate racial inequalities in order to prevent racial conflicts and those who believed it was necessary to create or maintain a racial ladder in which each race would know and accept its place. It was the latter group that sought rules against the use of violence and focused on the accommodation of society to immediate conflicts rather than long-term solutions, such as restructuring society to reduce the level of racial tension. In the United States, the historical pattern of interracial violence, fear and distrust is a result of a class system which recognized white dominance and black inferiority and subordination. This social system was frustrating to the blacks who wished to rise from their subservient status while the white man had to employ force in order to maintain his position of social superiority. Add to this frustration what sociologists refer to as “social distance”, where fear, hate and ignorance block people from getting to know each other, and it is no surprise that racial tensions were high prior to the riot in Chicago.
One of the most frightening aspects of the Chicago riot in the eyes of the white population was the fact that rather than accept the invisible line in Lake Michigan or police indifference, blacks actually fought back. For white Americans who had become accustomed to Negro complacency, this posed a tremendous threat. It was an important moment in black history. These heightened mixed-race fears and suspicions went beyond the personal level. Following the Chicago riot, many Americans came to believe that democracy itself was becoming endangered by black militancy. They believed that a challenge to white supremacy was a radical opposition to the government. Following the riot, white supremacists jumped to the conclusion that radical influences had encouraged Negroes to take up arms.
Mayor William Hale Thompson, often accused of being a “nigger lover”, refused to draw the color line and consequently could claim the Black Belt as his area of strongest support in the city. There may
Topics Related to Chicago Race Riot 1919
Red Summer, Chicago race riot, Lynching in the United States, Riot, Urban riots, Tulsa race riot
Essays Related to Chicago Race Riot 1919
The New York YankeesThe New York Yankees The New York Yankees are without dispute the most successful franchise in baseball history. They have captured 33 American League pennants and 22 World Series Championships, which is far more than any other franchise in baseball. Baseball?s greatest players have played proudly wearing the pinstripes. But those facts alone are not what the Yankees are about. The Yankees are so much more than just a team that wins championships. It is the players (past and present) and the sto
Young Goodman BrownYoung Goodman Brown Young Goodman Brown, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, is a story that is thick with allegory. Young Goodman Brown is a moral story which is told through the perversion of a religious leader. In Young Goodman Brown, Goodman Brown is a Puritan minister who lets his excessive pride in himself interfere with his relations with the community after he meets with the devil, and causes him to live the life of an exile in his own community. Young Goodman Brown begins when Faith, Brown'
THe 1960sTHe 1960's Many social changes that were addressed in the 1960s are still the issues being confronted today. the '60s was a decade of social and political upheaval. in spite of all the turmoil, there were some positive results: the civil rights revolution, john f. Kennedy's bold vision of a new frontier, and the breathtaking advances in space, helped bring about progress and prosperity. however, much was negative: student and anti-war protest movements, political assassinations, and ghetto riots
PlantsPlants Life science 7th grade Jr high Chapter 1 Plants are the basis of the food pyramid for all living things, even other plants. They have always been very important to people, not only for food, but also for clothing, weapons, tools, dyes, medicines, shelter and a great many other purposes. Both humans and animals benefit from plants. We eat many different types of plants such as fruits and vegetables. We also use plants for our herbs. Plants are also used to manufacture many different produc
Introduction To The Visual ArtsIntroduction to the Visual Arts Throughout history art has played an intricate role in society's perception of life. Art is used as form of expressionism be it physical or emotional, religious or the mockery of religion. The birth of new artistic eras were due to the technological advancements of the world. Below are a few examples of works of art that from different era in our humanity. Francisco de Stefano's, named Pesellino during the renaissance, A Miracle of Saint Silvester is a scene repre
Operation Barbarossa In WWIIOperation Barbarossa in WWII When Operation Barbarossa is launched, the world will hold its breath! - Adolf Hitler On the night of June 22, 1941, more than 3 million German soldiers, 600 000 vehicles and 3350 tanks were amassed along a 2000km front stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea. Their sites were all trained on Russia. This force was part of 'Operation Barbarossa', the eastern front of the greatest military machine ever assembled. This machine was Adolf Hitler's German army. For H
Nazism And World War IINazism and World War II The National Socialist German Workers? Party almost died one morning in 1919. It numbered only a few dozen grumblers? it had no organization and no political ideas. But many among the middle class admired the Nazis? muscular opposition to the Social Democrats. And the Nazis themes of patriotism and militarism drew highly emotional responses from people who could not forget Germany?s prewar imperial grandeur. In the national elections of September 1930, the Nazis garnered
Will RogersWill Rogers Will Rogers was a cowboy that did rope tricks. He was loved by the crowds that watched him. ?Onto the stage ambled a friendly-faced, tousled-haired man wearing a cowboy getup and carrying a collection of lassos in his hand. He smiled at the audience, then threw out one of the ropes, twirling it in a circle in preparation for one of the complicated rope tricks he was hired to perform. But as he went into the trick, he miscalculated the size of the small stage, and the rope whacked int
Edith Wharton: A Brief Personal History And Overview Of Literary Achie Edith Wharton: A brief personal history and overview of literary achievements The cultural advancement of the 1920's has many important literary figures associated with it. Names such as T.S. Elliot, Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald are some of the better-known names. Edith Wharton is one of the less known of the period, but is still a formidable writer. This paper will explore Ms. Wharton's life and history and give a brief background surrounding some of her more popular novels. Ms. Wh
The Rise Of Communism In RussiaThe Rise of Communism In Russia Unless we accept the claim that Lenin's coup d'etat gave birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind, we must recognize in today's Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire that survived into the mid 1980's (Luttwak, 1). In their Communist Manifesto of 1848, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in which all class differences would disappear and humankind
Willa Cather?s My AntoniaWilla Cather?s My Antonia (enter the rest of the title here) English 152-5 Fairview High School November 12, 1997 Willa Cather?s My Antonia: Success The American college dictionary defines success as 1. The favorable or prosperous termination of attempts or endeavors, 2. The gaining of wealth, possessions, or the like. This has been the general seances for the past hundred years or more. But in more modern days the prospective of success has changed slightly. It has shifted to having a good educ
PyramidsPyramids The Egyptians believed that their kings were gods. Even after they had died, the rulers continued to affect daily life through their supernatural powers. In his new life in the underworld, the king would need everything he needed while alive, and he needed his home to last for eternity. While alive, Egyptian kings lived in palace of mud-brick, wore linen roves, and slept in wooden beds. In their gentle climate, more substantial comforts were not needed. But eternity last a whole lot lon
Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe Many authors have made great contributions to the world of literature. Mark Twain introduced Americans to life on the Mississippi. Thomas Hardy wrote on his pessimistic views of the Victorian Age. Another author that influenced literature is Edgar Allan Poe. Poe is known as the father of the American short story and father of the detective story. To underezd the literary contributions of Edgar Allan Poe, one must look at his early life, his literary life, and a summary of two of
The Spectacled BearThe Spectacled Bear The Spectacled Bear, or Tremarctos Ornatus, is an endangered species. This rare bear can only be found in a few elusive spots in the world. Many endangered species all over the world don?t deserve the respect and care that they need. That is why many endangered species often become extinct or remain on the endangered species list for the remainder of their survival on Earth. Today, as more species become endangered, more people become involved in their care. Many things are b
Flew the CoopFlew the Coop Flew the Coop On June 6, 1982 I became an adult – not a man, but an adult. That same week I graduated from Santa Barbara High School. I turned eighteen and went down to the DMV and passed my driver license exam and was given my first used car. It was one of those very first Hondas they made, so small; it had a motorcycle engine or a lawn mower motor. I don’t know much about cars but I think someone told me it was a 2-cylinder engine and the car was so tiny that if I hung my arm out
AP EH CHAPTER 19 NOTES: A Revolution in PoliticsAP EH CHAPTER 19 NOTES: A Revolution in Politics AP EH CHAPTER 19 NOTES: A Revolution in Politics---the Era of the French Revolution and Napoleon THE BEGINNINGS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY ERA: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION Reorganization, Resistance, and Rebellion in the colonies, where there was a preponderance of independent farmers, 50% of adult males could vote in Britain, fewer than 20% of adult males could vote a key result of the Seven Years’ War in North America was growing tensions between American
The Atomic BombThe Atomic Bomb American Military History Position Paper No. 5 The world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, insofar as possible, the killing of civilians. But that attack is only a warning of things to come. If Japan does not surrender, bombs will have to be dropped on her industries and, unfortunately thousands of civilian lives will be lost. Having found the bomb we have used it. We have used
Chicago riotsHIS-2020G The importance of little factors that can lead up to becoming huge and having great effects on actions. For blacks and whites both the riot was just a built up increase of hostility that has been going on for quite some time. One thing can be said though that the Chicago incidents seem to be the more ruthless and aggressive when compared to others. It may have been because of the blacks’ resiliency not to lie down and to fight back. A lot of the time it causes even more anger to mix wh
Final draft short story Creative writing Final draft short story It was a hot summer day in Bethlehem, USA, all the kids were coming home for their summer vacations. The town that was once calm and peaceful, was now crowded. Everyone was complaining about all those noisy kids in town, but deep down they were very happy, everybody loved that time of the year. Those noisy kids were the ones who brought life to that small town. Stephen, the hot guy in town was there, all the girls dreamed about him. He was tall and athle
60556-65372 60556-65372 Digital Design Digital Collage using Photoshop MYP - Year 3 - Grade 8 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Student Name: Ali Alkhaja Grade: 8 ( s ) Intro to Photoshop: Photoshop is an extremely powerful tool and also the industry-standard in creating and modifying graphics. With all its power and features, Photoshop can seem very daunting, yet Photoshop does an excellent job of putting you in control and mak
The clouds in the sky create a nice cool blanket f The clouds in the sky create a nice cool blanket from the hot sun. I can smell the rain that was once falling. The sound from the cars and the people create a nice little harmony that one could easily lay down and relax to. Not too far off in the distance I see the old softball stadium. And scattered around the park are huge oak trees. I can also see the playground, and the muddy path that the runners take. Now, the clouds are breaking and shinning just a hint of sun into this wonderful picture
William Shakespeare William Shakespeare William Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564 - 23 April 1616)[a] was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the Bard of Avon (or simply The Bard). His surviving works consist of 38 plays 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and are performed
The pharmaceutical company Mylan is facing more po The pharmaceutical company Mylan is facing more political pressure to confront the price hike of EpiPen after 20 US senators, includingÂ Elizabeth Warren Â and Bernie Sanders, sent an open letter on Tuesday to the company criticising its exorbitantly expensive price hikes. Reports emerged last week that the company had implemented a series ofÂ gradual price increases Â inflating the price of the drug from $56.64 to $317.82, a 461% increase in cost since Mylan acquired the rights to EpiPen i
Lecture #1 Lecture #1 Introduction: What is the Third World? Nations Unaligned with Either NATO or the Warsaw Pact â€”Won't work; could include Yugoslavia and even the People's Republic of China The Decolonizing World â€”Won't work; must include Egypt, Thailand, and other nations that were never colonies The Developing World â€”Won't work; misleading in terms of power dynamics and ethnocentric The Global South â€”Won't work; could include Australia and New Zealandâ€”and Antarctica! The Dominoes â€”Domi
Â Methods Of Translation Â Methods Of Translation 1. There are eight types of translation: word-for-word translation, literal translation, faithful translation, semantic translation, adaptive translation, free translation, idiomatic translation, and communicative translation. 2. Â Word For Word translation: ul li The SL word order is preserved and the words translated by their most common meanings. Cultural words are translated literally. The main use of this method is either to understand the mechanics of the source
Burberry Business AssignmentBurberry Business Assignment Executive Summary I have been given this assignment by University of Sunderland to study the Importance of understanding business environment for organizational success. In this assignment, I have selected one of the famous designer brand in the world which is Burberry group plc. The company of Burberry group PLC is the worldwide business net. In the most of counties has going on with this business like a franchise business method. Burberry is China’s top luxury reta