Analyzing the Racial Policing Debate
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Analyzing the Racial Policing Debate
1 st Period
Heather Mac Donald's strongest argument to the argument th at policing is biased was, the reason people of color encounter the police often is because they are responding to the outcry of the community therefore the police are not being biased on whom they police but rather just doing what they are called to do by the people. The reason this make sense is , she provides data to prove that people of color commit more crimes than white people. Ms. Mac Donald's argument is also logical and does not take a genius to see that there is a clear correlation between the two (crime and police presence).
Gloria Browne-Marshall's strongest argument was, when you back track policing and how it became to be you could see that it came to be when white people who owned slaved need to retrieve runaways. Therefore, when policing began in the United States its aim was to enforce the law (which itself biased towards people of color) on people of color. Time progressed and as policing became part of the government's way to enforce the law and it carried over time its bias against people of color and that bias is still present today.
There was one logical fallacious that I noticed between these two was by Heather Mac Donald; Mrs. Ma c Donald said that if police are forced to stop arresting and policing in general people of color there will be an uptick in crime . The reason for this is that people of color commit a majority of the country' s crimes and as a result, there will be anarchy.
What I Noticed
When you pay attention to Mrs. Mac Donald , you can notice that she offers a large amount of data for her evidence and when she seeks to answer a question, she retreats to a source and proceeds to answer the question from there. Whereas Mrs. Brown-Marshall she used a mixture of experience and history to answer/rebuttal; first she states an experience or historical episode then proceeds to answer.
What I can infer about Mrs. Mac Donald based on the patterns I saw was that she has not had that many encounter with bias policing because she always cited data and never once did she mention about being a victim of but she did mention experiences of others. On the other hand, Mrs. Browne-Marshall has experienced the biased that was being debated because towards the end she states that she had been a victim of bias policing. Furthermore, Mrs. Browne-Marshall had a bit of an emotional connection to the subject whereas Mrs. Mac Donald had more of an apathetic connection towards the subject.
Heather Mac Donald
Ethos (credibility ) : Heather Mac Donald is the Thomas W. Smith Fellow at the Manhattan Institute and a contributing editor of City Journal
Ethos : Professor of Constitutional Law and Civil Rights Attorney
Pathos (Emotion) :
There is a large number of white people who have been victims of police shootings
People see the color of skin and make decisions based on that.
I see students outside of the university who are just being young but when police enter the scene, they see young hooligans.
Logos (Logic) :
Police have to go where the trouble is and most of the times in minority areas
Blacks die at 6x the rate of whites and Hispanics combined
Blacks commit 75% of shootings
Every time police are called to a scene it is usually into a minority area
As long as crime and victimization remains unevenly, balanced police and civilian contact will be too.
Policing is data driven; police will go where there is a need.
Policing is responsive to what the people in the community want them to do.
Policing is influence by the people
There are various groups ranging from the UN to Federal Courts that have said policing is racially biased
Police make judgement calls that can result in a bias
The perception of police is what creates a bias; someone can be loud but when you place a color on
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