Agricultural Adjustment Act

1. Purpose -The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) was a United States federal law of the New Deal era which reduced agricultural production by paying farmers subsidies not to plant on part of their land and to kill off excess livestock. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus and therefore effectively raise the value of crops, which would provide relief to the united states common man. The money for these subsidies was generated through an exclusive tax on companies which processed farm products. The Act created a new agency, the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, to oversee the distribution of the subsidies.
2. Background- President Franklin Delano Roosevelt took office Soon after his inauguration, Roosevelt called the Hundred Days Congress into session to address the crumbling economy. From this Congress came the Agricultural Adjustment Administration to replace the Federal Farm Board. The Roosevelt Administration was tasked with decreasing agricultural surpluses.Wheat, cotton, field corn, hogs, rice, tobacco, and milk and its products were designated as basic commodities in the original legislation. Subsequent amendments in 1934 and 1935 expanded the list of basic commodities to include rye, flax, barley, grain sorghum, cattle, peanuts, sugar beets, sugarcane, and potatoes.[9] The Administration targeted these commodities for the following reasons: Changes in the prices of these commodities had a strong effect on the prices of other important commodities, These commodities were already running a surplus at the time, These items each required some amount of processing before they could be consumed by humans.
3. Why -Farmers faced the most severe economic situation and lowest agricultural prices since the 1890s."[7]"Overproduction and a shrinking international market had driven down agricultural prices
4. interest groups- focused on farmers and the common man
5. Groups opposed to the program

Agriculture Adjustment Act (1933, 1938)
Relief for the farmers