Advanced Organizer 4 - Chapter 4: Parents and Families
Directions: As you review this week\'s assigned readings, please complete the Advance Organizer to focus on key points. Submit in the Assignment tab in Blackboard.

Before I read, here are my thoughts:
What do I already know about the effects of a child with a disability on the family in a few words (you can list terms or share a few experiences you\'ve had)?
It can be a strain on a family, making it challenging.
What questions do I have?
Rating my knowledge:
Please rate your knowledge before you read using this scale:
I don\'t feel like I know anything about this topic.
I\'ve heard some of the terms, but couldn\'t tell you what they mean
I feel fairly comfortable with the key concepts, but want to know more.
I know all about this, and could teach this section.
As you read, please summarize what you have learned about the following topics:
Main Topic
Key Points
What are Individualized family service plans (IFSPs) and what age children qualify for an IFSP?
The age for qualifying children is birth thru 2 years. From what I can understand fit is very similar to the IEP, except it is for younger children. It is a plan that helps guide families to the best success for their child\'s learning.
Define the Family centered model
Not sure how to completely explain it in my own words. "a consumer-driven model that encourages the family to make its own decisions with respect to services while mobilizing resources and supports for each families goals" Basically making the system work for you and not allowing the system to run your family.
Summarize Wraparound service systems
This involves not only the educational views on things but it weaves in all things a community can offer. Including but not limited to welfare, mental health, juvenile justice, and other things if this nature.
What is the Family systems theory
"Stresses that the individuals behavior is best understood in the context of the family and the family\'s behavior is best understood in the context of other social systems. "
How can family characteristics affect student learning and disabilities?
Family characteristics is the social structure outside of the mind but within the home. It can determine if a child is getting more one on one or if they are part of a huge family. If they were taught the basics for communicating after discovering the disability or if it was delayed.
How can family interactions affect a child with a disability?
It determines how well a family can use cohesion and adaptability. This can influence how well a child\'s family can ‘cater\' to a child\'s disability and their environment, and also how well the child has been taught to what degree of self- sufficiency.
Define cohesion and its importance relative to special education
Cohesion is to what degree an individual can be self-sufficient. If they can live on their own and simply use ‘light support\' from a family or if an individual can never be left on their own.
Why is the concept of adaptability important in families of children with disabilities?
As with any child adaptability is important but with children with special needs it can be even more important. At any time something could set of a tantrum or an episode in some cases, and families have to be ready to adapt to this hiccup in any sort of setting.
What does our text say about family functions in relation to children with disabilities?
It says families can utterly rely on teacher\'s decisions to basically deal with a child or parents can be very involved in every day functions.
How should educators promote social support for in families of children with disabilities?
How? Just making sure a family is up-to-date with all support options that are out there. If a family is not aware making them aware, that they are not forced to do this on their own, there are other families that are going through the same thing and can give advice on what did work and what didn\'t work.
Define the concept of guardianship - specifically, who might need this, and when would it come into play for in families of children with disabilities?
Guardianship is the term given to a person who has the authority either full, limited, or temporary to make decisions for another person. In the