Acum ceva despre "Caesar and Cleopatra":
- the 20th century literature is characterized by a rebirth of dramatic
interest both in Great Britain and in the United States. In England the
influence of Ibsen made itself strongly felt in the problem plays of G.B.
Shaw and in the realism of John Galsworthy and Somerset Maugham. T.S. Eliot
revived and enriched the verse drama, John Osborne expressed the rebellious
attitude of the "Angry Young Men" in Look Back in Anger. Eugene O'Neill,
Tennessee Williams and Arthur Miller gave America a serious drama, with
modern features, influenced by the European experiments.
- the modern "drama of ideas" is exemplified in the plays of Ibsen, Shaw,
Galswworthy, and many others. The problem plays represent in dramatic form
a general social problem, a philosofic idea, shown as it is confronted by
or must be solved by the protagonist.
- Shaw's plays are conflicts of ideas and his characters prime reason for
existence is to put forward these ideas. His heroes were often created as
mothpieces for the playwright's ideas. They tend to make a lot of witty,
intellectual speeches through which Shaw's ideas are conveyed to the
- the true subject of a debate drama being an idea, the events in the plot
are less important. Shaw said about his plots: "Shavian plots are as silly
as Shakespearean plots and, like Shakespeare's they are all stolen from
other writers".
the innovatory technique is based on reversal: Shaw takes a familiar
theatrical type or situation and reverses it so that his audience is forced
to reassess things radically. In Caesar and Cleopatra Shaw reverses the
traditional view on the two legendary characters. His Caesar has no trace
of heroism and grandeur. He loos like an old gentleman, a well-educated
member of the English middle-class, endowed with a sense of dry humour.
Cleopatra, the glamorous, ambitious and clever Queen of Egypt, appears in
Shaw's play as a rather common, timid young girl who has nothing from the
majistic figure of the legendary queen.
-in Shaw's plays paradox is the most important comical device.
Shaw's reinterpretation of history:
Shaw's historical plays deglamorize history, underlining the discrepancy
between the legend surrounding historical personalities and the reality
that lies beneath the "myth". The technique of reversal functions with
great comic effect when applied to famous historical characters like Caesar
and Cleopatra. Caesar, far from being a heroic figure, is seen by Cleopatra
as an elderly gentleman, who cannot scare even a girl. What is even
funnier, he is told by a girl (for that is Cleopatra's image in Shaw's
play) how to govern: "You are very sentimental, Caesar; but you are clever;
and if you do as I tell you, you will soon learn to govern".
G.B. Shaw explained in his Notes to Caesar and Cleopatra that he intended
"to produce an impression of greatness by exhibiting Caesar as a man, not
mortifying his nature by doing his duty, but as simply doing what he
naturally wants to do". | |
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| |Asta e din cartea "Ready for Exams"-your key to literature, |
| |Alina-Antoanela Stefanoiu, nu e o carte de referinta pt. ac. |
| |examen, dar mi-am insusit elemente de tehnica, gen, curente, |
| |stiluri, etc. din ea. |