ESOL 0372-301
Nov, 5, 2015
Abraham Lincoln
“In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you… you have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it,” by Abraham Lincoln. Everyone is known as one of the greatest American presidents; however, nobody would have predicted Lincoln’s success at the time of his election. Abraham Lincoln was a sixteenth president of the United States. His childhood was not a comfortable life. He was born in Kentucky on February 12, 1809, in a one-room log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky. As he was a boy, his family was very poor. So, he could not go to school as his friends and worked on family’s farm that could support his family. But, he did not give up on his studying, he taught himself to read and write. The following year, Lincoln studied law by himself and became a lawyer. For next few years, he became a politician. Later, he married Mary Todd, and they had four boys. Everyone liked Abraham Lincoln because he was very smart and hardworking. Moreover, Lincoln was a ambitious person, so he wanted himself have to be good at everything he did. He said that he wanted to win the “race of life.” Also, all most of people met him said that he was so kind and honest and they called him “Honest Abe.” Lincoln won election to the U.S and became president in 1860. In 1861, there was a war between the North and the South of the United States. It is because the people in the South wanted a separate government from the United States. And, the North wanted the United States to stay together as one country. At that time, Lincoln was the leader of the North. That war called “The Civil War,” and it happened four years long. In the war, brother killed brother, so the war frightened people that were living in both sides. After that, Lincoln won re-election in 1864 and the North finally won the Civil War. The war ended on April 9, 1865 by Union military triumphs. On Good Friday, April 14, 1865, President Lincoln and his wife went to the Ford’s Theatre in Washington. Inside the theater, a man went behind the president and shot in his head. The man assassinated Lincoln named John Wilkes Booth, an actor, who somehow thought he was a supporter of the South. Lincoln died the next morning.