Abortion: Life or Death, Who chooses?

During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most debatable subject of controversy
in the United States. It discusses human interaction where ethics, emotions and law come together. Abortion poses a
moral, social and medical dilemma that faces many individuals to create a emotional and violent atmosphere. There
are many points of view toward abortion but the only two fine distinctions are "pro-choice" and "pro-life". A pro-
choicer would feel that the decision to abort a pregnancy is that of the mothers and the state has no right to interfere.
A pro-lifer would hold that from the moment of conception, the embryo or fetus is alive. This life imposes on us a
moral obligation to preserve it and that abortion is tantamount to murder.
In the United States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in abortion. Women with incomes under eleven thousand are
over three times more likely to abort than those with incomes above twenty-five thousand. Unmarried women are
four to five times more likely to abort than married and the abortion rate has doubled for 18 and 19 year olds.
Recently the U.S. rate dropped 6 percent overall but the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15 jumped 18
percent. The rate among minority teens climbed from 186 per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.
The most popular procedure involved in abortions is the vacuum aspiration which is done during the first trimester
(three months or less since the women has become pregnant). A tube is simply inserted through the cervix and the
contents of the uterus are vacuumed out. The most commonly used type of second trimester abortion is called
dilation and evacuation. Since the fetus has bones, bulk and can move, second trimester is not as simple. When as
much of the fetus and placenta are vacuumed out then tweezers are used to remove larger parts. After this, or the
beginning of the fifth month abortion is serious and actually induced as childbirth. That is, the mother is given
substances which puts her into labor and delivers the fetus as she would a full-term baby. About 40 percent of
Americans believe that abortion should remain legal and 40 percent believe it should be banned except when the
pregnancy threatens the life of the mother or is the result of rape or incest. Also 15 perc!
ent b eveit should be illegal in all cases. Although abortion is regarded as a women's right, it should be banned with
exceptions because it's considered murder, has many psychological side effects and there is an alternative.
Abortion is a women's own right and choice. In 1973 the Roe v. Wade decision proved this by recognizing abortion
as a fundamental constitution right and made it legal in all states. The law now permits abortion at the request of the
women without any restrictions in the first trimester and some restrictions in the second trimester to protect the
women's health. Because of this decision almost every third baby conceived in America is killed by abortion, over
one and a half million babies a year. Many countries have followed our decision on the abortion issue and some of
these include Canada, England, and France. Other countries still believe abortion should be illegal, they include
Germany, Ireland, and New Zealand. Although many believe that abortion is a women's choice, abortion should be
banned because its immoral and life begins at conception.
The National Abortion Right Act League argues that without legal abortion women would be denied their
constitutional right of privacy and liberty. The women's right to her own body subordinates those of the fetus and the
U.S. Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade argued that the women's "right to privacy" overruled the fetus's right to life. If
abortion was illegal it would force poor women to bear and raise children they can't afford to bring up. There would
be a number of unsafe abortions in back allies. It would also force women to give up their dreams and stay home to
bring up babies. Worst of all, it would condemn victims o apeand incest to carry and nurture the offspring of their
rapist. Abortion is necessary for women to have control over their own bodies and life. One activist said, "If I hadn't
had that abortion my life would have been a disaster.