A.R.T.
Elvira Minosyan
5/03/17
Ethics


A RT is commonplace tech that treated millions of infertile couples. Yet, the expanse of this technology has shown a myriad social, ethical and legal challenges that need to be addressed. distribution of access to care. As we know Assisted Reproduction Technology has come as one of the widely adopted and successful Med Tech in the last century. We know the ethical questions need to be resolved sooner or later. Another ethical issue is regarding the use of fertility drugs. The use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) for treating the infertile couples is rapidly increasing in the United States. Throughout the years there have been questions on weather its ethical/mortal to conceive a child through assisted reproduction. A number things are effecting women, most due to a women's age, others to health problems that vary from big to small. Afterwards clinics by law introduced an age limit for the woman. However, this approach of the problem is not very useful because there's constant confusing about the meaning of "ART" and because infertility can be caused by a broad range of causes such as fertility decline, lack of a male partner, blocked Fallopian tubes…etc. Today around 15% of couples in United States are in for fertility problems, women take up half the percentage while men take 40%, 10% for unknown reasons due to both parents. As the years go by, research is uncovering new ways to improve efficiency for assisted reproductive technologies . We can't reject these techniques as "unnatural" because we would then be rejecting modern medicine as a whole,
As of year, 2001, more than 50 , 000 were born from over 100 , 000 ART procedures. We know that there's a gray area in which some fetus's do not make it as their parent's may be unfit to carry children. Then the chances of taking drugs like Pergonal, can trigger ovulation and increase the production of eggs thus increasing a woman ' s changes of conceiving , Female fertility is well to decrease with the age of 27-28. In most developed countries, the status of infertility has been discussed since the very start of infertility treatment. In some cases, it might even be considered as a handicap, or even as a disease. There's a constant risk of having a child with a disability and some couples do not consider a termination. Their appeal to ART is based on a wish to children unaffected by the any disease they might carry, therefore preventing hard both to themselves and offspring. Cancer patients use vitro maturation or also known as IVM. Many have suggested that, before being treated for cancer, women should be offered fertility preservation.
Sarah B owdin, published a paper on the links between AS and BWS. BWS and AS are imprinting disorders which result in mutations in genes that were critical for development and growth. This shows the risks for children who were conceived through ART. BWS children were documented for a risk of development of embryonal tumors (Wilm's). AS is known for mental retardation, poor balance and absence of speech, etc. Based on the chromosomes, this research was stretched to show r esults of ART and what the long- lasting effects of unnatural fertilization can do to a child. These rare epimutations appear to be increased within children who were conceived by ART.
The birth of the first A RT child Louise Brown in 1978 was truly a historical moment. ART increased in number and widened. Thus , came the question of cloning, reproductive-cloning by nuclear transfer has been successful with animal species. Yet only around a 100 will develop into an adult. The only thing stopping people from cloning as ethical, legal and social issues. The ART Bill was passed in 2010 allows married couples, individuals as well as individuals to select assisted reproductive technologies. To establish a right to assisted reproductive technologies, it needs to be determined if there exists a "right to reproduce".
The moral right as a legal right is the naturally reproduce. The single parent family have been recognized, as we go it becomes more acceptable due to divorce percentages rising so rapidly within the last 20 years.